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Flight Training Hours For Private Pilot License PPL

Flight Training Hours For Private Pilot License PPLFAA’s rules for getting a pilot’s license (certificate) differ depending on the type of aircraft you fly. In addition, there are different types of flying to consider. There are several different types of pilot’s licenses, from student pilot all the way up to airline transport pilot. The most common and widely sought pilot certificate is PPL.

A private pilot certificate is a license that permits the holder to act as the pilot in command of an aircraft privately. The key to this certificate is that the pilot cannot charge money or get paid for the flight.

Basic Requirements for PPL
  • You must be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English Language
  • You must be able to obtain at least a 3rd class FAA medical certificate
  • You must be 16 years old to get your student pilot license
  • You must to be 17 years old to get your private pilot license
  • You have to acquire 40 hours total flying time
  • 10 hours of the 40 hours must be solo (alone) flight time
  • 5 hours of the 10 solo must be cross- country (flying from one airport to another)
  • You must pass the FAA Private Pilot written exam
  • You must pass the Private Pilot Oral and Practical Exam
PPL Flight Training

Private pilot training programs prepare students to pass Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) exams and earn a Private Pilot Certificate. Many aviation colleges offer private pilot programs. Before students can begin flying, they need to study flying basics on the ground. Ground school courses explain the scientific principles of flight, aircraft systems and radio operation. Students read aeronautical manuals and learn to complete flight plans and logbooks. They also learn the federal, state and local laws and regulations that apply to private pilot flight.

Flight Instruments Course

This course familiarizes students with the many instruments found on a plane’s flight panel. Through ground and flight practice, students learn how to operate a plane by instrument flight rules (IFR), which involves navigating a plane using only the flight instruments. Class training covers the use of IFR charts and instrument-based approaches. These skills are key for flight in conditions where visibility is limited, such as during night flights or when flying through clouds.

Aviator Flight Training Academy in Florida offers flight training degree and non-degree programs. Aviator College – situated in the beautiful city of Ft. Pierce, Florida, is the perfect place to embark on your flight training career. It is a fully accredited flight school with state-of-the-art facilities and a modern fleet and equipment. Once you tour our facility, you will see for yourself that not all flight training schools are the same – Aviator College is one of the best flight training schools in the country.

Private Pilot Flight Experience Summary

Total Flight Time: 40 hours minimum which consists of at least:
Dual: 20 hours minimum of flight training with an instructor on the Private Pilot areas of operation including:
3 hours of cross country flight training in a single engine airplane;
3 hours of night flight training in a single engine airplane, that includes at least:
a) 1 cross country flight of over 100 nm total distance; and
b) 10 T/O’s and 10 landings to a full stop with each involving a flight in the traffic pattern at an airport.
3 hours of flight training by reference to instruments in a single engine airplane; and
3 hours of flight training in a single engine airplane within the 60 days prior to the practical test.

Solo: 10 hours minimum of solo flying in a single engine airplane on the Private Pilot areas of operation including:

  • 5 hours of solo cross country flying;
  • 1 solo cross country flight of at least 150nm total distance with full stop landings at 3 points and one segment of at least 50nm between T/O and landings; and
  • 3 T/O’s and landings to a full stop at an airport with an operating control tower.
PPL Flight Proficiency

General. A person who applies for a private pilot certificate must receive and log ground and flight training from an authorized instructor on the areas of operation that apply to the aircraft category and class rating sought.

Areas of operation.

(1) For an airplane category rating with a single-engine class rating:
(i) Preflight preparation;
(ii) Preflight procedures;
(iii) Airport and seaplane base operations;
(iv) Takeoffs, landings, and go-arounds;
(v) Performance maneuvers;
(vi) Ground reference maneuvers;
(vii) Navigation;
(viii) Slow flight and stalls;
(ix) Basic instrument maneuvers;
(x) Emergency operations;
(xi) Night operations, except as provided in Sec. 61.110 of this part; and
(xii) Postflight procedures.

PPL Privileges and Limitations

A private pilot can be distinguished from a commercial pilot by the fact that while the commercial pilot is allowed to receive pay from his flying, the private pilot cannot do that. He cannot carry freight for hire. Apart from that, based on the level of their training, private pilots are often required to fly only on VFR (visual flight rules); but any one of them who has passed the instrument rating test has the permit to fly on IFR (instrument flight rules). Basically, the difference between the two is that while VFR can be used when the weather is favorable to visibility, IFR is ideal for poor visibility, particularly due to bad weather.

Private pilots enjoy cheaper rates for insurance than do recreational and sport pilots. Having a private pilot license becomes a foundation for the next step up if one should decide to get a commercial pilot license. It reduces the cost and time that will be spent in learning the basic flight knowledge as well as getting acquainted with the instruments.
Moreover, a private pilot certificate helps you enjoy privileges that sport or recreational pilots are not granted.

Pilot Training Programs in Florida

For more than 31 years Aviator has been the leader in multi-engine flight training. We have provided over 5000 professional pilots to the airline industry, both nationally and worldwide, through our Professional Pilot Flight Training Programs. Our FAA-certified Part 141 approved flight programs provide students with the skills and experience demanded by today’s commercial aviation industry. Aviator is accredited by the ACCSC (Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges).

Our Professional Pilot Program is set in a flight training, structured environment to ensure the student receives the knowledge that is required to be a professional pilot. This program is from 0 hours to over 250 hours, of which 200 hours will be multi-engine time. The program includes Private Pilot Single Engine through the Multi-Engine Flight Instructor Certificate. Cross Country flying is coast-to-coast, if desired.

When you choose Aviator, all flight training is logged in aircraft. Our Flight Training Devices (FTDs) are used for ground training purposes only. NO FTDs (SIMULATORS) ARE USED FOR FLIGHT TIME TOWARDS YOUR RATINGS!

This “hands-on” approach provides the best flight training environment for pilots of the future. We encourage training in actual instrument conditions. Flying at the Aviator is 24 hours-a-day, rain or shine. Aviator flight training programs offer more actual multi-engine time than any other school in the country. Our fleet of multi-engine aircraft are equipped with GPS and are being converted to EFIS Systems (Glass Cockpits). Come and take a tour and see the Aviator difference.

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Pilot Student Building and Logging Time in Cross Country Flight Training

Pilot Student Building and Logging Time in Cross Country Flight TrainingPer title 14 of the code of federal regulations (14 CFR)- (FARS) part 61, section 1.b.3[4]

Cross-country time means:
  1. Time acquired during a flight—
  2. Conducted by a person who holds a pilot certificate;
  3. Conducted in an aircraft;

1. That includes a landing at a point other than the point of departure; and
That involves the use of dead reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to navigate to the landing point.
2. For the purpose of meeting the aeronautical experience requirements (except for a rotorcraft category rating), for a private pilot certificate (except for a powered parachute category rating), a commercial pilot certificate, or an instrument rating, or for the purpose of exercising recreational pilot privileges (except in a rotorcraft) under Sec. 61.101(c), time acquired during a flight–
Conducted in an appropriate aircraft;
That includes a point of landing that was at least a straight-line distance of more than 50 nautical miles from the original point of departure; and
That involves the use of dead reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to navigate to the landing point.

Cross-Country Flight Phase

When beginning the cross-country flight phase, student pilots often find it one of the most exciting parts of their training. Until reaching the cross-country phase, virtually all flights take place at or near the home airport. For the first time, students are able to fly well beyond the home airport to new and different airports, initially with the flight instructor and then solo. Planning the first cross-country flight, though, can seem overwhelming!

In cross-country flying, a number of basic skills assume added importance. For example,

  • When you stay near your home airport, you can land and refuel whenever you want, but during a cross-country flight you need to plan ahead.
  • When you stay near your home airport, you can land immediately if threatening weather moves in, but during a cross-country flight you need to do a lot more planning and a lot more en-route double-checking.
  • When you stay near your home airport, you presumably know the length of all the runways and the layout of the traffic pattern, but it can be highly embarrassing to show up at another airport and turn left base when everybody else is using a right-hand pattern. It is also embarrassing to land a little long and a little fast and then discover that the runway is very short.
  • And last but not least, you need good navigation. Navigation involves keeping track of where you are and finding your way to the destination. The three primary methods of navigation are pilotage (section 14.1), dead reckoning (section 14.2), and navigation by instruments (section 14.3).
14.1 Pilotage

The term pilotage refers to finding your way by reference to landmarks. This is a basic yet important pilot skill.

From the air, things look different than they do from the ground. It will take you a while to learn aeronautical pilotage skills. Airports Make Good Landmarks. When you are planning a cross-country trip, it is advantageous to plan a route that passes over airports along the way. They make great checkpoints.

There’s a lot to know before conducting a safe cross-country flight, and your flight instructor will review everything in detail prior to each take off.

Logging Flight Time For Student Pilots

While you’re a student pilot you will only log EITHER dual received OR PIC time. You can’t log both on the same flight. You’ll log PIC time when you are the SOLE occupant of the aircraft, and since you can’t carry passengers if you’re not the sole occupant at least one of the other occupants will be your instructor. When you log dual received time then your instructor will, at a minimum, need to sign your logbook. Most instructors will add information on the lesson(s) taught during the flight.

Your instructor should conduct pre and post flight briefings and technically that’s ground instruction and could be logged as such but most people don’t bother. However, if your instructor provides ground instruction that’s not part of a pre or post flight my advice is to log it and have the instructor sign it.

When May I Log Cross-Country Time?

This is one of those FAA definitions that change depending on what you’re using the time for. Cross-countries fall into four groups. The first three groups are all contained in 61.1(b)(3).

Group 1: General Definition: A cross country flight is one in which you land at another airport that you didn’t accidentally bump into. There are no distance requirements.

Group 2: In order to “Count” for Most Certificates or Ratings: Same as the general definition, except at least one of the places where you land has to be more than 50 NM from where you started the flight. This applies to the private and commercial certificates, and the instrument rating.

Group 3: In order to “Count” for ATP: Same as for Most Certificates or Ratings, except you don’t have to land anywhere.

Group 4: Apart from there are the “special cross countries” that are part of the experience requirement for certain certificates and ratings. One example is the private pilot certificate requirement for 150 total distance solo cross country with at least one 50 NM leg (61.109(a)(5)).

Summary. All four groups are cross country. And they all can be logged from the time that you are a student pilot. The problem is keeping track of them so you can total the ones that “count” in any given situation. Most new pilots tend to log only Group 2 since those are the ones that they will have to total up in the near future. Some set up two columns right away (Group 1 counts for 135 experience purposes). The lack of a landing in Group 3 is a well-deserved tip of the hat to military pilots who will often fly some distance without landing.

Aviator Flight Training Academy

Aviator Flight Training Academy offers professional pilot training programs with a minimum of 200 hours of multi-engine time. The flight school has a state of the art 37,000 square foot facility, featuring a CRJ Level 5 Flight Training Device (Simulator), large classrooms and individual briefing rooms.

Covering The Cost Of Your Private Pilot License

Covering The Cost Of Your Private Pilot LicenseAccording to the FAA, there are 600,000 pilots in the U.S. Airplane Pilot Licenses (or certificates) follow an order and must be obtained in that order. A license grants a permission, whereas a certificate shows that one has fulfilled certain requirements.

Pilot Certificates issued by the FAA have the following characteristics:

  • Student Pilot – local solo training flights without passengers
  • Recreational Pilot – local uncontrolled day flights 1 passenger
  • Private Pilot – flights worldwide with passengers, non-profit
  • Commercial Pilot – paid flying allowed, can be airline copilot
  • Airline Transport Pilot – paid flights, can be airline captain

The Certificate Grade is the hardest one to change. In order to get a new Grade Certificate you need to meet all the training and experience requirements for that certificate. The process is called upgrading and requires you to have to have the certificate with a lower grade. Student Pilots and Recreational Pilots can upgrade to Private Pilot. Only Private Pilots can upgrade to Commercial Pilot. Finally only Commercial Pilots can upgrade to Airline Transport Pilot. You are always required to take a knowledge test and a practical test in order to upgrade.

Private Pilot License
Medical Exam

A physical checkup is your passport to the cockpit. If you fail it, you may not be able to get any kind of pilot certificate. If you choose not to get a medical, you can still get a sport pilot certificate. There are restrictions — you can’t fly at night, you can’t be paid for flying, and you can’t fly above 10,000 feet. An FAA-designated doctor will check your vision and color perception, hearing, and medications to see if anything you take could be disabling. You can find an approved examiner at flightphysical.com. Prices vary around the country, but expect to spend about $115.

Where To Learn

Airports offer training by flight schools or independent instructors. Besides ensuring you have an instructor who knows his stuff, Philip Greenspun, a certified flight instructor at East Coast Aero Club in Bedford, Mass., recommends talking to mechanics and looking at the aircraft logs, which show dates of aircraft inspections. (They should be inspected after every 100 hours of operation.) “You want to see if the shop is clean, organized, and if the mechanics seem intelligent,” he says.

Time

You can take to the skies at jet or propeller speed. If you dabble in lessons, it could take four months, and since you’ll spend more time reviewing, it may cost more. If you take an immersion course, you could do it in six weeks, says Ed Helmick, owner of Diamond Flight Center. While the FAA requires 40 hours of flying to earn a private pilot certificate (the most commonly issued certificate), most students take about 65 hours.

“My advice is to take it slow and make sure the techniques are burned in your brain,” says Presley.

Instructors

If you’re going to be stuck at 10,000 feet with an instructor, you need to make sure he’s competent — and that you like him.

“A good instructor can talk you through every maneuver, and if he touches the controls before final approach, he probably isn’t doing a good job of explaining,” says Greenspun. Another tip: Find an instructor with more than 3,000 hours of teaching behind him. “That way, you know he likes to teach,” says Greenspun.

Expect to spend about $3,000 on ground and flight instruction.

The Plane

While today’s cars feature multizone automated climate control and heated seats, today’s single engine planes are more like the luxobarges of the 1970s. While some feature modern dashboards and electronic — rather than mechanical — instrument displays, the comfort level isn’t great. The upside: Training in an older plane can be cheaper. Of course, a new light sport aircraft is more fuel efficient, which could reduce the overall cost. Among popular trainers are the Cessna 172, the Piper Cherokee, and the newer Diamond Katana.

Expect to spend $135 to $155 per hour, or about $9,425 for 65 hours of flying.

Fuel

Hip hop pilot Sean “Diddy” Combs grounded his plane in 2008 due to the price of gas and then pleaded for free oil from Saudi Arabia in a YouTube video he posted. Now, with oil prices sky high again, taking to the skies will cost you more. Leaded gas (yes, small piston-engine aircrafts still use leaded fuel) runs about $5 per gallon. Total can run about $341 for 65 hours.

Aviation Headsets

To hear and respond to the control tower, you’ll need a headset, which has the added benefit of stopping you from going deaf from the roar of the plane. Schools often lend them to students. If you want to buy one, a high-end headset such as the Sennheiser S1 Digital headset from Sporty’s.com, which offers noise cancellation, runs about $1,100. Or you could opt for the less sophisticated David Clark H10 headset for $290.

Books/Resources:

There are plenty of aviation books, and the FAA provides a lot of content on its site. Here are some resources pilots have praised:

  • $14: Stick and Rudder: An Explanation of the Art of Flying, by Wolfgang Langewiesche — amazon.com
  • $25: The Student Pilot’s Flight Manual, by William Kershner — asa2fly.com
  • $0: See How It Flies, by John S. Denker — av8n.com/how/
  • $45: Aircraft Owners & Pilots Association (AOPA) to keep up with flying news and discount programs, among other things.
Accessories:

Once you get your certificate, you may want to buy items to carry with you. Here are a few:

  • $6: Aircraft Fuel Tester — Pilotshop.com
  • $25: Aviator’s Flying Log Book — pilotshop.com
  • $5: Terminal Area Chart — marvgolden.com
  • $8: Sectional Chart — aircraftspruce.com
  • $150: Reletex Anti-Nausea Neuromodulating Device — a relief band to help with nausea — aeromedixrx.com
  • $71: Noral Private Pilot Bag — to carry everything — mypilotstore.com
Emergencies

Planes usually come equipped with emergency kits, and chances are you won’t need the following items if you’re flying near major cities. If you are in remote, rural areas, a few extras could help:

  • $215: Vertex Standard VXA-220 Pro VI Transceiver (backup handheld radio) — pilotshop.com
  • $200: Four-person deluxe survival kit — amazon.com
  • $43: Bear Grylls Survival Series folding sheath knife — bladeops.com
  • $89: Torfino LED red-and-white-light security flashlight — amazon.com
  • $2: Smart Sense purified water, 2.5 gallons — Kmart
  • $539: iFly 700 moving map GPS for pilots — mypilotstore.com
Taking the Test

You’ll take your written private pilot test either at your school or at a testing center run by Computer Assisted Testing Service (CATS) or LaserGrade. Expect to answer 60 questions in 2.5 hours. You’ll need a passing score of 70. According to the FAA, 92 percent of test takers passed in 2010. The test costs $150. You must also take the FAA Check Ride, known as the “practical test.” It involves a two hour oral test and about two hours of flying. It’s free if done with an FAA employee.

Final Cost

Costs vary depending on where you learn to fly, how quickly you learn, and the kind of plane you use. Total expense will range from $8,000 to $13,000. Source

The above based calculations are provided for a general review. As a student looking for a solid flight training to get your wings, you must evaluate all facts. Do not base decision on cost alone. Visit the flight school, ask about flight training equipment and its maintenance, talk to flight instructors and attending students. Inquire about financing options the flight school may offer. Flight training is an investment. Make a wise choice.

Why Choose Aviator Flight School For Your Pilot Training
  • Licensed by the State of Florida Commission For Independent Education License #4155
  • Aviator Flight Training Academy is a Division of Aviator College of Aeronautical Science & Technology, which is licensed by the State of Florida Commission for Independent Education and Accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges.
  • 27 Years in the Flight Training Industry
  • To date, Aviator has trained over 5000 pilots for the commercial airline industry
  • Only School Offering 200 Hours of Multi-Engine Time
  • Aviator is the only flight school that has a full 200 hours of multi-engine time included in our program
  • No Flight Training Devices (Simulators)
  • FTDs are not used towards your flight time for any ratings
  • Approved by the Federal Department of Education to offer Title IV Loans
  • Aviator has the ability to offer students federal funding on approved accredited programs
  • Job Placement Assistance with Regional Airlines
  • Aviator offers job placement assistance for our graduates
  • “A” Rating with United States Better Business Bureau
  • Classroom Environment – All classes taught in our educational center, NOT online

Schedule a visit
Speak with Flight Instructor, CALL 772-672-8222

Preparation For Pilot Medical Certificate

December 30, 2013 Leave a comment

Preparation For Pilot Medical CertificateIn order to keep everyone safe, the FAA requires a pilot medical certificate from an FAA medical examiner prior to flying solo or earning a pilot certificate. Pilot medical requirements vary depending on what kind of pilot you are.
Aviation medical certificates are a requirement for most pilots. Some pilots, such as sport pilots and balloon pilots, aren’t required to obtain an aviation medical certificate. All other pilot licenses require to pass an aviation medical exam in order to legally utilize the privileges of pilot certificates.

Aviation medical exams can be a source of anxiety for many. Will you pass? What exactly is the examiner looking for? Is my eyesight good enough? Should I disclose certain health problems on the forms? What happens if I don’t pass?
There are a lot questions surrounding the aviation medical exam. Even the healthiest of people get nervous before an exam.

How to Prepare For a Medical Exam?

Do Your Research: If you’re perfectly fit and healthy, you have nothing to worry about. Most of us have some minor health glitches, though. Knowing which health problems will disqualify you or which will require a special issuance medical certificate will not only help calm your fears, but will provide you with valuable information for your doctor.

You’ll want to show up prepared, so if you’re concerned about a certain medical condition, research it before your appointment. Check out the FAA medical exam guide online to find out about specific health problems. In addition, there are a lot of other online resources available for free that can guide you in the right direction. You might, for instance, determine that you’ll need a special issuance medical, which requires extra documentation. You can start gathering those documents ahead of time so that you’re prepared to send them in to the FAA once your examiner completes your exam.

Or you might find that your condition is actually a non-issue after all. For example, mild depression that is stable or completely resolved isn’t an issue. Major depression treated with medication will require a review by the FAA and a special issuance.

What Happens at the Exam?

A third-class medical is the least invasive of the three medicals. It is similar to a sports physical or a yearly check-up. The doctor will most likely ask questions to get a general health history, with a focus on mental and neurological health. Then, you’ll probably be given vision and hearing tests. Most doctors will ensure that you can “pop” your ears to relieve pressure- an important detail for pilots.

A second-class medical covers the same items as the third-class, but is slightly more detailed and warrants higher standards for vision.

First-class medical exams cover the same items that the second- class medical does, with stricter standards and an emphasis on cardiovascular function, as well as general medical condition. An EKG is required for a first-class medical, and for older pilots, the doctor may focus more on age-related issues that may interfere with flight duties.

What Happens If I Fail The Exam?

Many Aviation Medical Examiners are pilots themselves, and will want to help you pass the exam. While there are certain medical conditions that prevent people from becoming pilots, the majority of them only require a more extensive exam and a waiver approved by the FAA. If you have a medical condition you think might disqualify you, it’s best to research the information ahead of time so that you know what to expect when you show up for the exam. Being denied a medical certificate isn’t common, but waivers and extended processing times are. Source

Types Of Medical Certificates For Different Pilot Licenses

October 18, 2013 Leave a comment

Types Of Medical Certificates For Different Pilot LicensesIn the United States, there are three classes of medical certifications for pilots; such certificates are required to legally exercise the privileges of a Private, Commercial or ATP pilot licenses. Medical Certificates are not needed for Glider, Balloon, Recreational or Sport Pilot certifications. Each certificate must be issued by a doctor approved by the FAA to a person of stable physical and mental health.

The 3 kinds of Medial Certificates

Third Class Medical Certificate: necessary to exercise the privileges of a Private Pilot License or certificate. You can also exercise the privileges of a recreational pilot certificate, student pilot certificate, or flight instructor certificate with this medical certification. In the United States, it expires after 60 calendar months for someone under the age of forty years, or 24 calendar months for someone over forty.

Second Class Medical Certificate: necessary to exercise the privileges of a Commercial Pilot License (CPL) In the United States, it expires after 12 calendar months.

First Class Medical Certificate: necessary to exercise the privileges of an ATP license. In the United States, it expires after (12 calendar months Under 40) (6 months over 40) for those operations requiring a First-Class Medical Certificate; 12 calendar months for those operations requiring only a Second-Class Medical Certificate; or 24 or 36 calendar months, as set forth in 61.23, for those operations requiring only a Third-Class Medical Certificate.

When a certificate is expired, it may still be used to exercise the privileges of the highest level that would not yet have expired. For example, a nine month old American first class certificate could be used as a second class certificate.
To obtain a medical certificate you must be examined by an FAA-designated Aviation Medical Examiner (AME).
At your scheduled appointment, the AME will complete your medical examination and the remainder of the FAA application form. If you meet the required medical standards, the AME will issue you a medical certificate.

Validity of Medical Certificates
First-Class Medical Certificate:

A first-class medical certificate is valid for the remainder of the month of issue; plus

  • 6 calendar months for activities requiring a first-class medical certificate, or plus
  • 12 calendar months for activities requiring a second-class medical certificate, or plus
  • 24 calendar months for activities requiring a third-class medical certificate (age 40 or older), or plus
  • 60 calendar months for activities requiring a third-class medical certificate if the airman has not reached his or her 40th birthday on or before the date of examination.*

Second-Class Medical Certificate:

A second-class medical certificate is valid for the remainder of the month of issue; plus

  • 12 calendar months for activities requiring a second-class medical certificate, or plus
  • 24 calendar months for activities requiring a third-class medical certificate (age 40 or older), or plus
  • 60 calendar months for activities requiring a third-class medical certificate if the airman has not reached his or her 40th birthday on or before the date of examination.*

Third-Class Medical Certificate:

A third-class medical certificate is valid for the remainder of the month of issue; plus

  • 24 calendar months for activities requiring a third-class medical certificate (age 40 or older), or plus
  • 60 calendar months for activities requiring a third-class medical certificate if the airman has not reached his or her 40th birthday on or before the date of examination.*

*Each medical certificate must bear the same date as the date of medical examination regardless of the date the certificate is actually issued.

Note:

Flight Outside the Airspace of the United States of America (U.S.A.)

A pilot who is issued a medical certificate under the age of 40 may not exercise the privileges of a private pilot certificate outside the U.S.A. after the 24 months of validity of that medical certificate except as permitted by a foreign country(s) where the flight occurs. The maximum validity of a private pilot medical certificate is 24 months under the standards of the International Civil Aviation Organization. Source

Aviator Flight School

Founded in 1982 Aviator Flight School offered opportunities to students looking to receive training to fulfill the specialized demands of the airline industry. The Aviator Flight School moved from Addison, Texas to its current location at the Fort Pierce, Florida, campus in 1999.The school has continued to grow and evolve. In 2009 Aviator became a college and expanded into the current 77,500 sq. ft. campus.

Since 1982, when the first students signed up for flight training, students at the Aviator Flight School have earned more than 20,000 FAA Licenses. From the beginning, Aviator has been committed to excellence in education. The majority of our graduate pilots are flying professionally in the U.S. and around the world.

Today we operate a fleet of more than 30 aircraft that fly over 30,000 hours yearly. As the Flight School advances and the alumni increase, the college remains focused on developing leaders and professionals in the aviation industry.

Pilot Certification Requirements

September 30, 2013 Leave a comment

Pilot Certification RequirementsTo operate an aircraft in the United States, you must be licensed by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), which since 9/11 is part of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). There are several levels of pilot’s license; the most basic is the Private Pilot license. This license permits the holder to pilot an aircraft anywhere in the United States, and to carry passengers. A Private Pilot may not be paid to fly an aircraft (to ferry an aircraft from one location to another, for example), nor carry passengers or cargo for hire or compensation. However, you may share certain expenses with your passengers (with some restrictions).

The necessary steps to earn this license are:

  • Be at least 16 years old.
  • Read, speak, and understand English sufficiently to understand the aviation rules and communicate with Air Traffic Control.
  • Pass a basic medical examination.
  • Receive the required amount of instruction from a Certificated Flight Instructor (CFI).
  • Pass a written examination (100 multiple-choice questions).
  • Pass a “checkride” (aircraft equivalent of a driving test) given by an FAA-approved examiner.

Information outlined below lists hours requirements needed for certification of Recreational Pilot, Private Pilot, Commercial Pilot and ATP.

Recreational Pilot Certification

I. For Single Engine Airplane, Helicopter, or Gyroplane Ratings:
Total Time: 30 hours which consists of at least-
A. Dual: 15 hours of flight training with an instructor on the Recreational Pilot areas of operation, that includes:
1. 2 hours of en route flight training to another airport in the class of aircraft; and
2. 3 hours of flight training in the class of aircraft within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test
B. Solo: 3 hours of solo flying in the class of aircraft on the Recreational Pilot areas of operation.

Private Pilot Certification

NOTE 1: Where § 61.109 requires “. . . 3 hours of flight training by reference to instruments in a single engine airplane” [i.e., II.A.3.] or “. . . in a multiengine airplane” [i.e., III. A.3.] or “. . . in a poweredlift” [i.e., VI. A.3.] it has to be in the aircraft in flight. It cannot be in a FS, FTD, or an PCATC. The “. . . flight training by reference to instruments . . .” must have been in the aircraft in flight.

II. For a Single Engine Airplane Rating:
Total Time: 40 hours which consists of at least-
A. Dual: 20 hours of flight training with an instructor on the Private Pilot areas of operation that includes:
1. 3 hours of cross-country flight training in a single engine airplane;
2. 3 hours of night flight training in a single engine airplane, that includes at least-
a. 1 cross-country flight of over 100 nm. total distance; and
b. 10 takeoffs and 10 landings with each involving a flight in the traffic pattern.
3. 3 hours of flight training by reference to instruments in a single engine airplane; and (See Note 1)
4. 3 hours of flight training in a single engine airplane within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test.
B. Solo: 10 hours of solo flying in a single engine airplane on the Private Pilot areas of operation, that includes:
1. 5 hours of solo cross-country flying;
2. 1 solo cross-country flight of at least 150 nm. total distance with 3 points and one segment of at least 50 nm. between takeoff and landings; and
3. 3 takeoffs and landings at a controlled airport.

III. For a Multiengine Airplane Rating:
Total Time: 40 hours which consists of at least-
A. Dual: 20 hours of flight training with an instructor on the Private Pilot areas of operation that includes:
1. 3 hours of cross-country flight training in a multiengine airplane;
2. 3 hours of night flight training in a multiengine airplane, that includes at least-
a. 1 cross-country flight of over 100 nm. total distance; and
b. 10 takeoffs and 10 landings with each involving a flight in the traffic pattern.
3. 3 hours of flight training by reference to instruments in a multiengine airplane; and (See Note 1)
4. 3 hours of flight training in a multiengine airplane within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test.
B. Solo: 10 hours of solo flying in an airplane on the Private Pilot areas of operation, that includes:
1. 5 hours of solo cross-country flying;
2. 1 solo cross-country flight of at least 150 nm. total distance with 3 points and one segment of at least 50 nm. between takeoff and landing; and
3. 3 takeoffs and landings at a controlled airport.

Commercial Pilot Certification

NOTE 2: Except for Commercial Pilot applicants who complete a Part 141 approved Commercial Pilot Certification course of training, the “10 hours of solo flying . . . on the Commercial Pilot areas of operation” for the single engine airplane, multiengine airplane, helicopter, gyroplane, and powered lift ratings would need to reflect at least 20 hours of solo time in the “Solo” box of the aircraft category on the “Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application” (FAA Form 8710-1) to account for the Private Pilot solo aeronautical experience.

NOTE 3: Per § 61.129(b)(4), it permits a Commercial Pilot applicant for the multiengine airplane rating to be either solo flight time or performing the duties of PIC with an instructor onboard. In the case of a Commercial Pilot applicant for the multiengine airplane rating who performed “. . . . 10 hours of flight time performing the duties of pilot in command in a multiengine airplane with an authorized instructor . . .” [i.e., § 61.129(b)(4)], the aeronautical experience shown in the “Solo” box for the “Airplane” category on the “Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application” (FAA Form 8710-1) may only reflect 10 hours of solo flight time, and the “Pilot in Command” box would be required to show at least 100 hours [i.e., § 61.129(b)(2)].
NOTE 4: Applicants for a commercial pilot certificate with the airplane single engine, airplane multiengine, helicopter, gyroplane, or powered-lift ratings and who already holds an instrument rating that is appropriate to the category and class rating sought are not required to accomplish an additional “. . . 10 hours of instrument training . . .” as stated in § 61.129(a)(3)(i); § 61.129(b)(3)(i); § 61.129(c)(3)(i); § 61.129(d)(3)(i); and § 61.129(e)(3)(i). However, the required commercial pilot training hour requirements [i.e., “. . . on the areas of operation listed in § 61.127 . . .”] of 20 hours in § 61.129(a)(3), (b)(3), (c)(3), (d)(3), and (e)(3) cannot be reduced to 10 hours.

NOTE 5: If an applicant already holds a commercial pilot certificate and an instrument rating, and is seeking an additional aircraft class rating within the same category of aircraft rating held by the applicant then that applicant [per § 61.63(c)(4)] “. . . Need not meet the specified training time requirements prescribed by this part that apply to the pilot certificate for the aircraft class rating sought unless the person holds a lighter-than-air category rating with a balloon class rating and is seeking an airship class rating; and . . .”]. Otherwise, that applicant need not accomplish an additional “. . . 10 hours of instrument training . . .”. However, the instructor will be expected to provide the applicant with enough instrument training in order for the applicant to demonstrate satisfactory proficiency and competency on Area of Operation VII Navigation.

NOTE 6: If an applicant is undergoing a combined Part 141 Commercial Pilot Certification and Instrument Rating approved course then that applicant need not accomplish an additional “. . . 10 hours of instrument training . . .”. Because in this situation, the applicant is getting instrument training and there would be no way, or need, to differentiate the instrument training required in the Instrument Rating course with the instrument training required in the Commercial Pilot Certification course.

NOTE 7: The 10 hours performing the duties as PIC with an instructor on board should be listed in the “Pilot in Command” column of the “Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application” (FAA Form 8710-1).

X. For a Single Engine Airplane Rating:

Total Time: 250 hours of flight time as a pilot that consists of at least:
A. 100 hours in powered aircraft, of which 50 hours must be in airplanes.
B. 100 hours of pilot-in-command flight time, that includes at least–
1. 50 hours in airplanes; and
2. 50 hours in cross-country flying of which at least 10 hours must be in airplanes.
C. Dual: 20 hours of flight training on the Commercial Pilot areas of operation that includes at least–
1. 10 hours of instrument training of which at least 5 hours must be in a single engine airplane; (See Note 4)
2. 10 hours of training in a complex airplane or a turbine powered airplane;
3. 1 cross-country of 2 hours in a single engine airplane in day VFR conditions of a total straight line distance of more than 100 nm. from the departure point;
4. 1 cross-country of 2 hours in a single engine airplane in night VFR conditions of a total straight line distance of more than 100 nm. from the departure point;
5. 3 hours of flight training in a single engine airplane within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test.

D. Solo: 10 hours of solo flight in a single engine airplane on the Commercial Pilot areas of operation, that
includes— (see Note 2)
1. One cross-country flight of not less than 300 nm. with landings with a min of 3 points, one of which is a straight line distance of more than 250 nm.; and
2. 5 hours in night VFR conditions with 10 takeoffs and 10 landings at a controlled airport.

XI. For a Multiengine Airplane Rating:

Total Time: 250 hours of flight time as a pilot that consists of at least:
A. 100 hours in powered aircraft, of which 50 hours must be in airplanes.
B. 100 hours of pilot-in-command flight time, that includes at least–
1. 50 hours in airplanes; and
2. 50 hours in cross-country flying of which at least 10 hours must be in airplanes.
C. Dual: 20 hours of flight training on the Commercial Pilot areas of operation that includes at least–
1. 10 hours of instrument training of which at least 5 hours must be in a multiengine airplane; (See Note 4)
2. 10 hours of training in a complex multiengine airplane or turbine powered multiengine airplane;
3. 1 cross-country of 2 hours in a multiengine airplane in day VFR conditions of a total straight line distance of more than 100 nm. from the departure point;
4. 1 cross-country of 2 hours in a multiengine airplane in night VFR conditions of a total straight line distance of more than 100 nm. from the departure point;
5. 3 hours of flight training in a multiengine airplane within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test.
D. Solo or Performing PIC: 10 hours of solo flying or performing the duties as PIC with an instructor in a multiengine airplane on the Commercial Pilot areas of operation, that includes at least–(see Notes 3 and 7)
1. One cross-country flight of not less than 300 nm. with landings with a min of 3 points, one of which is a straight line distance of more than 250 nm.; and
2. 5 hours in night VFR conditions with 10 takeoffs and 10 landings at a controlled airport.

Instrument Rating

NOTE 9: Per § 61.65(a)(1), must “Hold at least a current private pilot certificate with an airplane, helicopter, or powered-lift rating appropriate to the instrument rating sought;”
XVIII. For all instrument ratings.
Total Time: Must have logged the following:
A. At least 50 hours of cross-country flying as a PIC, of which at least 10 hours must be in airplanes for an Instrument Airplane rating; and
B. Total of 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time on the Instrument areas of operation, that includes at least–
1. Dual: 15 hours of instrument training with an instructor in the aircraft category, that includes at
least: (See Note 9)
a. 3 hours of the instrument training were within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test; and
b. 1 IFR cross-country flight of more than 250 nm. (more than 100 nm. for helicopters) in the instrument-aircraft rating sought.
or, if for an
C. Additional instrument rating, 15 hours of instrument training with an instructor for the rating sought, that includes at least:
1. 1 IFR cross-country flight of more than 250 nm. (more than 100 nm. for helicopters) in the instrument-aircraft rating sought; and
2. 3 hours of the instrument training were within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test.

Airline Transport Pilot Certification

NOTE 10: Pen and ink modifications can be made to the “Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application” FAA Form 87101 to show the SIC time performing the duties of PIC used in conjunction with the PIC time to meet the PIC aeronautical experience requirements. As for example, a simple pen entry of a slash or a dash (e.g., PIC / SIC. in the “Pilot in Command” box of Section III of FAA Form 87101 can be used to show PIC time vs. SIC time.
XIX. For an Airplane Ratings:
Total Time – 1,500 hours that includes at least–
A. 500 hours of cross-country flying;
B. 100 hours of night time;
C. 75 hours of instrument time; and
D. 250 hours in an airplane as a PIC, or as SIC performing the duties of PIC, or any combination thereof, that includes at least — (See Note 10)
1. 100 hours of cross-country flying; and
2. 25 hours of night time.

Source

If you are looking for a flight school to begin your career as pilot, here are some reasons to consider Aviator Flight Training Academy.

  • Licensed by the State of Florida Commission For Independent Education License #4155
  • Aviator Flight Training Academy is a Division of Aviator College of Aeronautical Science & Technology, which is licensed by the State of Florida Commission for Independent Education and Accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges.
  • 27 Years in the Flight Training Industry
  • To date, Aviator has trained over 5000 pilots for the commercial airline industry
  • Only School Offering 200 Hours of Multi-Engine Time
  • Aviator is the only flight school that has a full 200 hours of multi-engine time included in our program
  • No Flight Training Devices (Simulators)
  • FTDs are not used towards your flight time for any ratings
  • Approved by the Federal Department of Education to offer Title IV Loans
  • Aviator has the ability to offer students federal funding on approved accredited programs
  • Job Placement Assistance with Regional Airlines
  • Aviator offers job placement assistance for our graduates
  • “A” Rating with United States Better Business Bureau
  • Classroom Environment – All classes taught in our educational center, NOT online

Contact Aviator or Schedule a Visit

How To Study And Prepare For Pilot Tests

September 26, 2013 Leave a comment

How To Study And Prepare For Pilot TestsYou should recognize the advantages of planning a definite study program and following it as closely as possible. Haphazard or disorganized study habits usually result in an unsatisfactory score on the knowledge test.

The ideal study program would be to enroll in a formal ground school course. This offers the advantages of a professional instructor as well as facilities and training aids designed for pilot instruction. Many of these schools use audiovisual aids or programmed instruction materials to supplement classroom instruction.

Aviator Flight Training Ground School

Location is very important when you are looking for a flight training school. Florida is a great place to earn your wings. The moderate and mild climate makes flight training a pleasure. The good weather allows you to log more flying hours faster, get your degree quicker and be on the way sooner to your new aviation career.

For more than 31 years Aviator has been the leader in multi-engine flight training. We have successfully trained pilots to earn more than 45,000 pilot airmen certificates. Our FAA-certified Part 141 and Part 61 approved flight programs provide students with the skills and experience demanded by today’s commercial aviation industry. Aviator is accredited by the ACCSC (Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges).

Our flight training programs are set in a structured environment to ensure the student receives the knowledge that is required to be a professional pilot. Our programs all offer a minimum of private through commercial ratings, with options for all three instructor ratings, as well as options to maximize multi-engine flight hours, Cross Country flying is coast-to-coast, if desired.

When you choose Aviator, you have the option to conduct ALL of your flight training in aircraft, or to reduce your cost by conducting a portion of your flight hours in an approved Part 141 FTD simulator.

This “hands-on” approach provides the best flight training environment for pilots of the future. We encourage training in actual instrument conditions. Flying at the Aviator is 24 hours-a-day, rain or shine. Aviator flight training programs offer more actual multi-engine time than any other school in the country. Our fleet of multi-engine aircraft are equipped up to GPS and EFIS Systems (Glass Cockpits).

Come and take a tour and see the Aviator difference.

If you are unable to attend a ground school, the self-study method can be satisfactory, provided you obtain the proper study materials and devote a reasonable amount of time to study. You should establish realistic periodic goals and, equally important, a target date for completion. Self-discipline is important because it is too easy to “put off” the study period for some other activity.

When To Take The Test

Experience has shown that the knowledge test is more meaningful, and is more likely to result in a satisfactory grade, if it is taken after beginning the flight portion of the training. For optimum benefit, it is recommended that the knowledge test be taken after the student has completed a solo cross-country flight. The operational knowledge gained by this experience can be used to advantage in the knowledge test.

Where To Take The Test

Computer testing centers have been certified to administer FAA knowledge tests. You will be charged a reasonable fee for the administration of FAA knowledge tests. You can locate a computer testing center online , or contact the local FSDO http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/field_offices/fsdo/for more information.

What The Test Items Are Like

Knowledge tests have only multiple-choice questions. You can practice for the test by reviewing the question bank of test questions. Source

Private Pilot Airplane (PAR) Sample Exam:

1. PLT025
Which statement relates to Bernoulli’s principle?
A) For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.
B) An additional upward force is generated as the lower surface of the wing deflects air downward.
C) Air traveling faster over the curved upper surface of an airfoil causes lower pressure on the top surface.

2. PLT008(Refer to figure 39.)
Determine the total distance required to land over a 50-foot obstacle.
Pressure altitude5,000 ft
Headwind 8 kts
Temperature 41 °F
Runway Hard surface
A) 837 feet.
B) 956 feet.
C) 1,076 feet.

3. PLT008 (Refer to figure 39.)
Determine the approximate landing ground roll distance.
Pressure altitude 5,000 ft
Headwind Calm
Temperature 101 °F
A) 445 feet.
B) 545 feet.
C) 495 feet.

4. PLT012 (Refer to figure 36.)
Approximately what true airspeed should a pilot expect with 65 percent maximum continuous power at 9,500 feet with a temperature of 36 °F below standard?
A) 178 MPH.
B) 181 MPH.
C) 183 MPH.

5. PLT124 (Refer to figure 8.)
What is the effect of a temperature increase from 35 to 50 °F on the density altitude if the pressure altitude remains at 3,000 feet MSL?
A) 1,000 -foot increase.
B) 1,100 -foot decrease.
C) 1,300 -foot increase.