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Flight Training and Flight Simulators

February 27, 2012 Leave a comment

Flight Training and Flight SimulatorsEvery flight training student wants to get behind the controls of a plane and start flying as soon as possible. The reality is a little different. Ground school or “ground theory” is a fundamental part of every flight school and a flight student will be spending as much time in a classroom as in the air. Flight simulators will be a major part of your ground school training. They save time, money and lives.

A flight simulator is a system that tries to copy, or simulate, the experience of flying an aircraft. It is meant to be as realistic as possible. The different types of flight simulator range from computer based games up to full-size cockpit replicas mounted on hydraulic (or electromechanical) actuators, controlled by state of the art computer technology.
In recent years, the FAA has become accepting of flight simulation as an invaluable aid to instrument instruction. Using a flight simulator is a time- and money-saving means of doing repetitive tasks such as holding-pattern entries and procedure turns. It also enables you to fly approaches not available because of the aircraft’s limitations or the lack of nearby facilities.

Why Use Flight Simulator

Safety

By its very nature, simulator training is safer than aircraft training. Abnormal and emergency procedures may be learned and practiced without risk to students, staff or aircraft. Training in simulators eliminates actual conflicting traffic midair’s. Severe weather, terrain or obstruction conflicts can be demonstrated in the simulator without the risk of exposure to the actual condition.

In-Flight Failures

In-flight failures of systems and instruments can be created as the failure would occur in the airplane. Instruments do not fail instantly, as is the case when the instructor covers an instrument. You can see what really happens — and be ready for it.

If you want to fail a glide slope just after course interception, it’s easy to do.

You can create pitot ice, carburetor ice and electrical failures.

In-Flight Weather

If you feel the need to create a 15-knot crosswind on a VOR or ILS approach, it’s no problem.Create turbulence to see how your flying changes.

Training Value

A flight simulator makes a more suitable learning environment than the cockpit of an airplane. It enables the student and the instructor to concentrate on the learning task.There is less noise in the simulator, allowing more effective communications between the student and the instructor. Temperature and humidity are controlled, making a more comfortable environment.

Simulators save time — there is no need to start the aircraft, warm it up or fly to the training area — there are no delays caused by actual clouds or bad weather conditions. Any topic or maneuver can be dealt with by freezing the simulator for discussion or evaluation purposes, and specific lessons can be practiced many times in short period of time.

The FAA allows considerable amounts of simulator time toward certificates.

Students gain first-hand experience with navigation facilities that might not be available locally.

Finally, when used correctly in training programs, simulators reduce total training time. One hour of simulator time can yield the same results as two or more hours of training in the actual airplane. Flight simulators are an essential part of any flight school. If you are student looking for a school, make sure you inspect the flight simulators if you visit the school or ask about them if you are unable to tour the facility.

Distributed by Viestly

What Kind of Professional Pilot Program to Look for in Flight Training

Becoming a pilot is a serious career commitment. The airline industry holds very high standards for their professional pilots so it is very important to choose a flight training program that will educate you with a structured, effective curriculum.

Find an intensive and challenging flight training program that will provide what the airline industry demands of future professional pilots.

Professional Pilot Programs

There are important factors to look for when choosing a flight training school. Some of these include academic training in an organized environment, valuable ground and flight training, and a superior campus with housing facilities.

In terms of how long your professional pilot program training will last, quality flight training schools provide a minimum of 520 hours of instruction, and require at least 250 hours of actual flight. If you are training to be a professional pilot, at least 200 of those hours will be logged in a multi-engine aircraft. A good school will not log any of your flight hours in a flight simulator, or flight training device.

Aircraft & Maintenance

Generally a large fleet of aircraft is also an important factor to consider when searching for a good flight training school for you. Aviator College has a fleet of 14 multi-engine and 12 single engine aircraft.

The aircraft primarily used during training are the Beechcraft BE-76 and the Cessna 172 Skyhawk. The fleet also includes a Piper Arrow and a J-3 Cub. All aircraft are equipped for VFR and IFR flight (with the exception of the J-3 Cub, which is VFR Day only).

The aircraft are maintained in the maintenance facilities in St. Lucie County International Airport. Aviator has its own in-house maintenance facility as well, it is a 13,000 square foot environmentally approved hangar open six days a week. All maintenance technicians hold Airplane and Powerplant Certificates or better.

What Flight Training Teaches You About Night Flying

Night FlyingDuring flight training, you will learn everything from flying under VFR conditions to IFR conditions, and even night flying. Night flying can be jarring, so it is important to have a clear understanding of the rules and regulations of night flying that you learn in flight training school.

Physiologically, human beings are designed to operate at maximum capacity during daylight hours. Night flying can be a trying experience that requires the perfection of a set of skills that aren’t necessarily required during the day.

Almost all flight time logged by the average pilot occurs during the daytime. Due to this fact, revisiting night flying techniques is an important part of safety precautions.

Vision

Most pilots know the basic fundamental physiological requirements of night flying. The most important part is to adapt our eyes for darkness. Anatomically, we have photopic vision for daytime and scotopic vision for nighttime. As for the cones and rods in our retinas, 7 million thicker cones are used for daytime vision and 120 million thinner rods are used for night vision.

Your eyes literally need to change their physiological makeup to adjust for the lack of lighting. Dark adaptation refers to the adjustment your eyes are experiencing that makes them more sensitive to light. Generally, dark adaptation takes 30 minutes in total darkness. However, dim red cockpit lighting can help you achieve dark adaptation in 20 minutes.

Several factors can impair or influence your vision. Some of these may include cabin altitude pressure above 5,000 ft, smoking, exhaust fumes, temperature, humidity, and even a vitamin A deficiency.

*TIP – if a light is being used in the cockpit (a flashlight), close one eye to preserve some level of night vision.

Lighting

Every pilot should carry at least two flashlights, extra batteries, and a penlight for his or her pocket.

Pilots should be sure that all required aircraft lights for night flying are functioning normally. Be sure to double check these during your walk-around.

The position lights (or navigation lights) must be on at all times if operating anytime from sunset to sunrise. These lights include the left wing which is red, the right wing which is green, and the aft or tail which is white. Anti-collision lights (strobe-lighting) are also required for night and day operations both.

Flight training

In order to prepare and learn the skills necessary for night flying, you must work hard during flight training to understand all of the fundamentals. Generally flight simulators are the best supplement to training for night flying. By learning with the night simulation at your flight training school, you will be efficiently equipped for night flying.

What are Instrument Flight Rules? – Flight Training

FogDuring flight training to become a pilot, you will learn about the way airports operate. The Federal Aviation Administration regulates the departure routes of airplanes from all airports, especially in poor weather conditions. Yesterday, the FAA ended a controversial flight path test in Santa Monica.

According to the Los Angeles Times:

The federal government Tuesday ended its 180-day test of a controversial departure route from Santa Monica Municipal Airport that resulted in thousands of noise complaints from densely populated neighborhoods along the flight path.

The Federal Aviation Administration’s experiment, which began Dec. 10, directed departing propeller planes to turn right over the neighborhoods of Sunset Park and Ocean Park when flying under instrument flight rules, such as during foggy or cloudy weather.

FAA officials and airport officials say they will analyze the noise complaints, potential benefits and alternative flight paths to determine whether the experimental departure route should be made permanent. FAA officials plan to release a final report in August.

What are Instrument Flight Rules?

Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) are regulations and protocols for flying an aircraft by using solely the instrument panel for navigation. This is necessary for when weather conditions are poor and the pilot cannot see outside the cockpit windows.

IFR-rated pilots can fly without any outside vision at all, they can rely entirely on the instrument panel inside the cockpit. They are authorized to fly through clouds. IFR is also a procedure designed to maintain separation from other aircraft to avoid any chance of collision.

Primary procedures of navigation under IFR are either through radio beacons on the ground, or GPS systems.

In flight training students are trained for their Instrument Rating with flight simulators and blockalls that help the pilot concentrate entirely on the instrument panel.

Learning To Fly With A Flight Training Device (Simulator)

Flight SimulatorsAviator College of Aeronautical Science & Technology provides the most effective way of training to fly, and ensures the student receives the knowledge that is required to be a professional pilot. By employing the use of the CRJ-200 Level 5 Flight Training Device, Aviator’s Professional Pilot Program provides a hands-on training method so students can learn quickly, efficiently, and effectively.

Flight Training Devices are beneficial to students because they are best-suited to teach students how to safely react in very specific in-flight situations. Training in actual instrument conditions is imperative for students in the initial stages of learning to fly. Simulators can be used by students at any level, and have varying degrees of realism.

Flight Training Devices provide students an opportunity to feel their way through a simulated flight. They will teach a student to fly the aircraft smoothly, take confident command of the instruments, as well as prepare and use a flight plan.

Many aviation schools log flight training hours in a Flight Training Device. Aviator however, logs all flight training in an actual aircraft. All simulators are used for ground training purposes only. No ground training is used for flight time towards a student’s ratings.

Simulation training is cost-effective and low-risk. Flight training students on the ground is an advantage over in an actual aircraft because it gives an instructor more freedom to teach new students maneuvers that would not be practical in the air.

It is important that students first learn on the ground how to react to certain malfunctions such as electrical, instrument, or even hydraulic system failures. Flight Training Devices also allow time for an instructor to give detailed explanations whereas it would not usually be possible in an actual aircraft.

Flight Training Devices are a fun, exhilarating, cost-effective, and low-risk way to teach students to fly. It is an extremely effective training method that would help transform even the most novice pilot into an adept, experienced, and well-trained pilot.

Flight Simulators

Flight SimulatorA flight simulator is a system that tries to copy, or simulate, the experience of flying an aircraft. It is meant to be as realistic as possible. The different types of flight simulator range from computer based games up to full-size cockpit replicas mounted on hydraulic (or electromechanical) actuators, controlled by state of the art computer technology.

History of Flight Simulators

A number of electro-mechanical devices were tried during World War I and thereafter. The best-known was the Link Trainer invented by Edwin Link in Binghamton, New York and made available in 1929. This had a pneumatic motion platform driven by bellows giving pitch, roll and yaw, on which a replica generic cockpit was mounted. It was designed for the teaching of instrument (cloud) flying in a less hazardous and less expensive environment than the aircraft. The US Army Air Force purchased four Link Trainers in 1934 after a series of fatal accidents in instrument flight and the world flight simulation industry was born.

Types of Flight Simulators

Various categories of flight simulators and flight training devices are used for pilot training. These vary from relatively simple Part-Task Trainers (PTTs) that cover one or more aircraft systems, Cockpit Procedures Trainers (CPT) for practicing drills and checks, to Full Flight Simulators (FFS). The higher levels of Full Flight Simulators have motion platforms capable of moving in all six degrees-of-freedom. They also have wide-angle high-fidelity visual systems for displaying the outside world to the pilots under training. Most simulators have Instructor Operating Stations (IOS). At the IOS, an instructor can quickly create any normal and abnormal condition in the simulated aircraft or in the simulated external environment. This can range from engine fires, malfunctioning landing gear, electrical faults, storms, downbursts, lightning, oncoming aircraft, slippery runways, navigational system failures and countless other problems.

Flight simulators are an essential element in individual pilot as well as flight crew training. They save time, money and lives.