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Posts Tagged ‘commercial pilot license’

Foreign Pilots Wishing To Obtain US Pilot License

Foreign Pilots Wishing To Obtain US Pilot LicensePeople who are not United States citizens are allowed to make 1 training flight in the US, but they must have completed the appropriate paperwork and received TSA approval prior to any subsequent flights. International Students are required to obtain TSA approval prior to receiving flight training for the Private, Instrument, or Multiengine rating. This process may be completed on the TSA website. A visa will be required for training.

FAA Procedure

International students who hold a current foreign license from another country and want to rent an aircraft may apply for a US FAA “Restricted” certificate based on their foreign license. This takes about 90 days for the FAA Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) to contact the foreign country to request verification of the pilot license. The FAA will only issue a Private Pilot Certificate with single engine privileges.

You must apply for and receive a letter from the FAA authorizing you to begin training if you are receiving flight training. This letter is valid for a period of 6 months and a new letter must be issued if the time period will be exceeded. International Students may opt to train for the US Private Certificate (“clean” certificate) to avoid having to base a US certificate on their foreign license. Their logged time, including time received from a foreign instructor, may count towards this rating.

The current TSA approval and FAA letter must be shown to the FAA Inspector or Designated Pilot Examiner before the Practical Exam.

Use the appropriate list at the end of this article to guide you through the process to obtain a US pilot certificate. The checklist is also for those international clients who hold a foreign license and wish to convert it to a US certificate. In this case you must go to the Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) to have your foreign license converted to a US “Restricted” certificate (meaning that it is based on your foreign license). Starting the process 90 days before you travel to the US is very wise and will save you time.

Please log on to http://www.faa.gov to view regulations and other guidance available to you.

Situation #1: This situation applies to those who do not hold a foreign pilot license and have not flown, or have some flight-time that may be used towards their Private certificate.

Check your logbook (if there is one) to determine how much time may be applied towards the Private rating. See FAR Part 61 for requirements.
If you have flight time, you must be able to show that you received training required by our Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs) from a certified instructor even if the instructor is not a FAA certified instructor (see FAR §61.41). The regulations are not specific concerning foreign instructors except that they state in paragraph (b) “A flight instructor described in paragraph (a) of this section is only authorized to give endorsements to show training given.”
Apparently, some countries (such as England) do not require the instructor to sign the students’ log. In this case, you must obtain a written statement from the instructor indicating that they provided the training in the log for that particular rating. Each dual entry may be signed or an overall statement, as described previously, will suffice.
Determine how your name will be used by the FAA. You may not use more than 4 names, which is the maximum allowed to be placed on a US certificate.

Situation #2 : If you hold a foreign pilot license and wish to receive a US Restricted certificate based on your foreign license refer to FAR §61.75

Apply for the “Restricted” certificate by logging on http://www.faa.gov, select “Licenses and Certificates” on the left side under “Certificates”, select “Verify the Authenticity of a Foreign License, Rating, or Medical Certification” and follow the instructions.

The FAA will only convert a foreign license to a “Restricted” Private Pilot Certificate. (Note: the FAA will no longer convert to commercial or higher). “Restricted” means that the US certificate is based on your foreign license, which must be both valid and current.

The foreign certificate must not be under an order of revocation or suspension by the foreign country that issued the foreign pilot license; and does not contain an endorsement stating that the applicant has not met all of the standards of ICAO for that license and does not currently hold a U.S. pilot certificate. (FAR §61.75 (b)).

You must hold a current medical from your country or a current US issued medical.
You must apply for the restricted certificate at least 90 days prior. The FAA will only issue you a Private Pilot Certificate.
A Knowledge test is required to convert a foreign instrument rating. This test focuses on FAR §91 subpart B areas of knowledge that apply to IFR procedures and the National Airspace system.

Note that FAA testing centers, such as CATS, require the name to come from your passport or birth certificate and this may be different than the name the FAA places on your restricted certificate. This causes major problems with the certification process. Do not take the knowledge test without first asking the FSDO to help you determine which name to use.

If you hold a foreign pilot license:

Apply for the FAA Verification of Authenticity Letter. The letter format may be found on http://www.faa.gov.
The FAA verifies your foreign license with the issuing country. This must be done before you begin training and is valid for 6 months.
On line 11 enter the FSDO location such as “Boston” as the Flight Standards District Office (FSDO). The address of your nearest FSDO may also be found on http://www.faa.gov.
Begin training when all the paperwork is complete and authorization from the appropriate agencies (TSA, FAA) has been received.

If you do not hold a foreign license and want to qualify for the Private Pilot you must:
  1. Fill out and submit TSA and VISA applications:
  2. E-mail a scanned copy of the following to TSA:
  3.  * Passport
  4.  * Birth Certificate
  5. Foreign Driver’s License

NOTE: *asterisk items are required in order to establish correct name and which names to use on FAA certificates. You can then train for and, when eligible, take the Private Pilot Practical test. Upon successful completion of this test, you will be issued a “Clean” US certificate and don’t need to do anything else unless you want the US certificate recognized by your country. Then you must contact your country’s civil aeronautics authorities. Source

Foreign Language Requirement:

Regardless of your pilot license and case, all pilots must be able to read, speak understand and write the English language. As mandated by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in accordance with ICAO English Language Proficiency Requirements, all pilots and air traffic personnel are now required to demonstrate English Proficency according to a minimum of Operational Level 4 (four) standards.

Aviation English & Testing at Aviator Flight Training Academy

The mission of the Aviation English Department is to provide International Aviation students and professionals with quality Aviation English instruction using a highly relevant, experiential curriculum at appropriate levels for both ESL students and instructors-in-training. We are committed to delivering the highest possible standards of instruction through the efforts of experienced and well-skilled instructors and strongly emphasize Aviation-specific real world communication skills.

As part of Aviator College, Expedite Aviation English is uniquely positioned to assist international students in achieving their ICAO English proficiency goals and realizing their career goals. We are dedicated to fostering an international perspective throughout Aviator College as well as a global perspective of professionalism throughout the Aviation industry.

International students that are enrolling in one of our pilot programs and wish to increase their English to a level 4 (four) or higher, may enroll at our Aviation English Course at the same time. Research shows that students can quickly earn their ICAO level 4 (four) certificate in as little as one month, which could also reduce your cost in flight training. The course will consist of one month of training by highly experienced English Instructors and easy-to-follow curriculum. The curriculum consists of small classroom group studies, one-on-one instruction, data base and E-Mailing criteria.

International Flight Training Programs At Aviator Flight Training Academy


Commercial Airline Pilot Program
M-1 Visa

The Commercial Airline Pilot Program is for the international student that needs to possess an FAA multi-engine commercial certificate. The program could take as little as 4 months to complete. Shared housing is included for the duration of 4 months. In the program you will earn the private pilot, instrument, single engine commercial and multi-engine commercial. The program is an approved FAA part 141 program which most countries are requiring. Upon your graduation in this program you will receive a Part 141 Commercial Graduation Certificate.
Additional single or multi engine hours can be accumulated at reduced prices. for further information contact our admissions department by email or phone +1-772-466-4822.

Subtract -$6,100.00 if you hold a Private Pilot Certificate

Commercial Pilot Program with Flight Instructor Ratings
F-1 Visa

The Commercial Pilot Program with the addition of 3 flight instructor certificates is a Part 141 and Part 61 Program. The program is designed for the international student coming from countries requiring additional hours for employment in their country. Typically these countries require up to 1500 and to hold an FAA ATP(Airline Transport Pilot) certificate. The program can completed in as little as 6 months. Shared housing is included for the duration of the 6 months. After you have earned all required certificates, you then can be placed in the Part 141 standardization and CPT internship ( 510 hours ).Upon completion of the CPT internship you will then be able to apply for an instructor position for up to 12 months.

To be able to apply for OPT ( Flight instructor Position) you must have completed the program on time with no more than 1 checkride failure. Written exam grades must be at least 85% or higher and you must pass a flight instructor review board.

Subtract -$6,100.00 if you hold a Private Pilot Certificate

Commercial Airline Pilot Program
with FAA and EASA Flight Instructor Ratings
F-1 Visa

The Commercial Program with FAA & EASA Flight Flight Training – Our Instructors – Aviator Flight Training College Certificates ( European Pilots). this program meets all the requirements and licenses for FAA and EASA

The program will take approximately 12 to 15 months, Shared housing is included for 12 months. The ATPL ground school is taught on campus which consists of 650 classroom hours.The 14 written exams are held in Orlando, FL.

After you have earned all required certificates, you then can be placed in the Part 141 standardization and CPT internship ( 510 hours ).Upon completion of the CPT internship you will then be able to apply for an instructor position (OPT) for up to 12 months so that you can build experience.

To be able to apply for OPT ( Flight instructor Position) you must have completed the program on time with no more than 1 checkride failure. Written exam grades must be at least 85% or higher and you must pass a flight instructor review board.

Students interested in enrolling need to speak with an admissions officer prior to enrolling.
You can contact or admissions office at 1-772-466-4822.

Subtract -$6,100.00 if you hold a Private Pilot Certificate

Your Pilot Career Depends On The Type Of Flight Training You Choose

Your Pilot Career Depends On The Type Of Flight Training You ChooseThere are many ways to start training to be a pilot from doing a private course through to learning at a university.
It takes years of training to get licensed to become a pilot, and in particular to become an airline pilot. Having completed a university degree is often important for the majority of flight schools, although the military route can at times make this unnecessary. The college degree does not have to be an aviation focused however with many pilots having studied many in many fields including law and engineering.

A pilot’s pay is based on many different factors, including their seniority, rank, and the body type of aircraft flown. Working hours can range between 75 to 80 hours a month in most western airliners. As well as the popular airline pilot, there are many other roles which pilots take up, including conducting flight-testing, training, and managing and supervising pilot operations.

A pilot career can be a rewarding way to live your life and it is understandable why people choose to try and find their way into pilot jobs. At the same token, pilot jobs can be one of the hardest jobs to find your way into and the cost to cover your flight training to obtain your pilot’s license is high.

Pilot Career Options
  • The first thing you need to do before you start a pilot career is to obtain your private pilot’s license (PPL). If you are unsure as to whether you are interested in pilot jobs, many places will let you take a single pilot lesson to get the feel for a pilot career. Your private pilot license will allow you to fly on your own or with passengers but not for commercial reasons, meaning you will not get paid.
  • The next step in your journey for pilot jobs is to obtain your commercial pilot license. This is much more expensive and time consuming to obtain but it opens up a world of pilot jobs for you. You obtain your commercial pilot license from a certified flying school. Many people also train as a flying instructor as this builds up the number of flying hours required for the commercial license.
  • The other main method of finding civilian pilot jobs is to undertake an Airline Transport license and this will open up the opportunity to find pilot jobs within a passenger or freight airline. People looking for an airline pilot job will start as a first officer and then progress to a co-pilot job and finally a pilot job as a captain.
  • The military is another method of starting a pilot career and many people have done so using this method. The military pays for all of your training and provides you with thousands of flying hours in return for your period of service in potentially dangerous locations.
  • Regardless of which method you use to start your pilot career, you will need to undergo a medical examination and you will need to be both physically and mentally fit. To qualify for pilot jobs you will need to have excellent hearing and eyesight as well as good overall health. Good maths and science skills are also a benefit for pilot jobs. Source
What Type Of Pilot Should I Be

There are a variety of aviation pilot jobs, each with its own set of hiring requirements, benefits, and challenges. Benefits and compensation will vary according to the type and size of the company. For any pilot job, there is a considerable amount of flight training required. Some pilots received their training in the military and others through civilian training. For most of the pilot jobs, you must have at least a commercial pilot certificate, instrument and multi-engine ratings. The hiring requirements will vary for each airline and company.

There are two-three types of pilot positions with any airline or company: Captain, First Officer, and Flight Engineer. Compensation and some benefits at the airlines and most companies are all based on “seniority.” “Seniority” at an airline is based on a pilot’s date-of-hire. When a pilot is hired as a First Officer or Flight Engineer, he/she is assigned a seniority number at the bottom of the list. For example: When a new pilot is hired, he/she is assigned a seniority number at the bottom of the list such as 105 out of 105 pilots. Over time, the pilot will advance (move up) on the seniority list due to retirements, resignations, or other reasons pilots are removed from the seniority list. Advancing on the seniority list results in better work schedule, aircraft selection, job promotion (upgrading to Captain), route assignments, vacation time preferences, and other privileges.

There are several types of pilot jobs:
  • Agricultural Pilot
  • Test Pilot
  • Major/National Airline Pilot
  • Regional/Commuter Airline Pilot
  • Air Freight/Cargo Pilot
  • Helicopter Pilot
  • Corporate Pilot
  • Air Taxi or Charter Pilot
  • Flight Instructor
  • Military Pilot
  • Ferry Pilot
  • Astronaut
  • Other Pilot Jobs

Source

An airline pilot job is not the only type of pilot job out there. There are pilots who fly small business jet airplanes and corporate pilots who fly Boeing type planes and they are equally happy with their choices.

Try to figure out your “pilot personality.” Different people are suited for different types of pilot careers. There’s nothing worse than putting your heart and soul into trying to become something that is not going to be gratifying to you for the rest of your career. By researching the different types of pilot careers out there, you can save time and money by focusing on attaining the skills that your dream pilot job requires. You can also use different pilot positions to build flight time according to your life plans. For instance, being away a lot may suit you just fine in the beginning of your career, but not so much later on in life.

Here is a list of pilot careers that you can start to research to see what lifestyle might fit you best:

  • Airline pilot
  • Cargo airline pilot
  • Regional airline pilot
  • Airline flight instructor pilot
  • Airline technical pilot
  • Air Charter/Air Taxi pilot
  • Seaplane / Amphibious Pilot (Corporate, Cargo, Scenic, etc.)
  • Corporate Pilot
  • Pilot for one specific corporation
  • Pilot for a company that offers the use of business jets to several corporations
  • Contract pilot who is represented by a contracting company
  • Test Pilot
  • Production test pilot
  • Experimental test pilot
  • Maintenance test pilot
  • Military Pilot
  • Fighter pilot
  • Military transport pilot
  • Military flight instructor
  • Military test pilot
  • Sales Demonstration Pilot
  • Chief Flight Instructor Pilot
  • Cropduster Pilot
  • Medical Ambulance Pilot
  • Photography Pilot

Source

Pilot Training With Aviator Flight Training Academy

The programs at Aviator Flight School are designed to provide what the airline industry demands of future commercial pilots. The training you will receive at Aviator is one of the most intensive and challenging programs offered in aviation flight training today.

During your flight training you will fly a total of 259 hours, of which up to 200 hours will be in a multi-engine aircraft. The ground school portion is in a structured classroom environment. As the shortage of pilots continues to grow, Aviator College is consistently meeting with major air carriers to determine the flight training and education that they require.

You will receive a minimum of 643 instructional hours for the Professional Pilot Program.The instructional hours includes all ground and flight training. 6 months of shared housing is included in the price of the program. If you come with a Private Pilot License 5 months will be included in the price of the Program.

Upon completion of your flight training Aviator College encourages the graduating student to apply to stay on as a flight instructor.

Contact Aviator
Talk to flight instructor at Aviator, call 772-672-8222.

Student Pilot Code of Conduct

Student Pilot Code of ConductBecoming a pilot is a truly exhilarating and rewarding endeavor. As a newcomer to general aviation (GA) you will be exposed to many new and exciting precepts. This blog will list some of the values associated with being an exemplary GA pilot as illustrated in this Student Pilot’s Model Code of Conduct (Code of Conduct).

Student Pilot

Student pilot is the 1st license/certificate needed for pilot. You do not need a certificate to begin your flight training. You would only need it before you can fly solo.

Student Pilot Eligibility
  • You are at least 16 years old. If you plan to pilot a glider or balloon, you must be at least 14 years old.
  • You can read, speak, and understand English
  • You hold at least a current third-class medical certificate. If you plan to pilot a glider or balloon, you only have to certify that you have no medical defect that would make you unable to pilot a glider or balloon
Aviators Model Code of Conduct

The AMCC (Aviators Model Code of Conduct) is for use by aviation practitioners — pilots, mechanics, organizations, and the entire aviation community. Designed to be adaptable by the implementer, it is provided without charge and periodically updated.

The latest version of the code was released in April, 2012.

The Aviators Model Code of Conduct “offers recommendations to advance flight safety, airmanship, and professionalism.” Version 2.0, the latest update in a suite of products that includes model codes for aviation maintenance technicians, flight instructors, glider aviators, light sport aviators, seaplane pilots, and student pilots, includes a new emphasis on professionalism, enhanced focus on safety culture, and an emphasis on flight training and simulation devices, according to Michael Baum, a member of the board.

The Aviators Model Code of Conduct “promotes flight and ground safety, professionalism, and pilot contributions to the aviation community and society at large; encourages the development and adoption of good judgment, ethical behavior, and personal responsibility; and supports improved communications between pilots, regulators, and others in the aviation industry,” according to a news release. The all-volunteer effort offers models of behavior that it encourages members of the aviation community to adapt to their specific needs.

As you pursue the goal of learning to fly, careful attention to understanding safety and excellence greatly enhances the quality of your current and future training (and may even accelerate it). It also helps you to cultivate a philosophy or attitude toward flying that will serve you and society well throughout your flying career.

It presents a vision of excellence for student pilots (whether they are seeking a Sport Pilot, Recreational Pilot, or Private Pilot certificate) with principles that both complement and supplement what is merely legal. The Code of Conduct is not a “standard” and is not intended to be implemented as such. Some of the provisions of the Code of Conduct have been simplified to accommodate the novice; after gaining more knowledge and experience, student pilots should refer to the Aviators’ Model Code of Conduct in the flight safety section.

The Principles:

The Code of Conduct consists of the following seven sections (each containing principles and sample recommended practices).

  1. General Responsibilities of Student Pilots
  2. Passengers and People on the Surface
  3. Training and Proficiency
  4. Security
  5. Environmental Issues
  6. Use of Technology
  7. Advancement and Promotion of General Aviation
The Sample Recommended Practices:

To further the effective use of the Code of Conduct’s principles, Sample Recommended Practices offer examples of ways student pilots might integrate the principles into their own training. The Sample Recommended Practices (which include selected personal minimums) can help student pilots and their instructors develop practices uniquely suited to their own activities and situations. Unlike the Code of Conduct principles themselves, the Sample Recommended Practices may be modified to satisfy the unique capabilities and requirements of each student pilot, mission, aircraft, and training program. Some Sample Recommended Practices do in fact exceed the stringency of their associated Code of Conduct principles. They are not presented in any particular order.

Benefits of the Code of Conduct:

The Code of Conduct may benefit student pilots and the GA community by:

  • highlighting important practices that will help student pilots become better, safer aviators,
  • suggesting a mental framework for flight training,
  • addressing individual pilot’s roles within the larger GA community, by examining issues such as improved pilot training, better airmanship, desired pilot conduct, personal responsibility, and pilots’ contributions to the GA community and society at large,
  • encouraging the development and adoption of ethical guidelines, and
  • bridging the gap between student and certificated pilots, with the goal of advancing a common aviation culture.
Student Pilots’ Model

Code of Conduct – Principles
1 General Responsibilities of Student Pilots
Student pilots should:

  1. make safety their number one priority,
  2. seek excellence in airmanship,
  3. develop and exercise good judgment,
  4. recognize and manage risks effectively,
  5. adhere to prudent operating practices and personal operating parameters (for example, minimums), as developed with your flight instructor,
  6. aspire to professionalism,
  7. act with responsibility and courtesy, and
  8. adhere to applicable laws and regulations.

Explanation: Code of Conduct Section I serves as a preamble to and umbrella for the Code of Conduct’s other principles. It emphasizes safety, excellence, risk management, responsibility, and lays the foundation for accountability and heightened diligence.

Sample Recommended Practices:
  • Recognize, accept, and plan for the costs of implementing proper safety practices (often greater than expected).
  • Learn to identify prevailing conditions and adapt to changing in-flight conditions as directed by your certificated flight instructor.
  • Recognize the increased risks associated with flying in inclement weather, at night, over water, and over rugged, mountainous or forested terrain. Take steps to manage those risks effectively and prudently without exceeding personal
  • Approach flying with the utmost seriousness and diligence, recognizing that your life and the lives of others depend on you.
  • parameters (see Code of Conduct I.e.).
  • Develop, use, periodically review, and refine personal checklists and personal minimums for all phases of flight operations. Seek the input and approval of these materials by your certificated flight instructor.
  • If the weather doesn’t look good, it probably isn’t – don’t push it.
  • Learn the performance limitations of all aircraft you fly, and how to plan flights and determine fuel requirements.
  • Understand and use appropriate procedures in the event radio communications are lost.
  • Be familiar with The Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR). They represent the distilled wisdom of more than 80 years of flying experience.
  • Commit to making personal wellness a precondition of flying.
  • See and be seen. Learn and employ techniques for seeing other aircraft, such as scanning, and techniques to enhance your own visibility to avoid other aircraft, such as the use of radio, lights, and strobes.
  • For cross-country operations, identify alternate landing sites and available fuel along the planned route prior to departure in case deteriorating weather or other emergency circumstances make continued flight unsafe.
  • Exercise great caution when maneuvering at low altitudes.
  • Develop a firm understanding of effective decision-making.
  • Adhere to applicable flying club/school and Fixed Base Operator/flight centre rules and operating practices.
  • Learn the fundamentals well before proceeding to more advanced techniques and maneuvers. Source
Flying Lessons at Aviator Flight Training Academy

The Aviator Flight Training Academy offers a full line of flight training courses to meet the individual needs of each student.

Contact Aviator
Schedule a visit
Speak with a flight instructor, call 772-672-8222.

Tactical And Operational Errors in Pilot’s Decision Making Process

Tactical And Operational Errors in Pilot’s Decision Making ProcessPilot error refers to any action or decision – or lack of proper action – made by a pilot that plays a role in an accident. This may include a simple mistake, a lapse in judgment or failure to exercise due diligence. There are two types of pilot errors according to Aviation Safety Magazine:

  1. Tactical errors, which are related to a pilot’s poor actions or decisions, often caused by fatigue, inebriation or lack of experience
  2. Operational errors, related to problems with flight instruction and training.

In fact, pilot error is the leading cause of commercial airline accidents, with close to 80% percent of accidents caused by pilot error, according to Boeing. The other 20% are mainly due to faulty equipment and unsafe, weather-related flying conditions.

Although policies put in place to reduce pilot error are not universal across the world, there are varying guidelines about how long a pilot can captain a flight, how many co-pilots should be present and how many hours a pilot can fly before taking mandatory breaks. There are also varying guidelines about how many hours of training pilots must complete, below what altitude they should not hand over control of a plane and when they should abort landings.

“Pilot judgment is the process of recognizing and analyzing all available information about oneself, the aircraft and the flying environment, followed by the rational evaluation of alternatives to implement a timely decision which maximizes safety. Pilot judgment thus involves one’s attitudes toward risk-taking and one’s ability to evaluate risks and make decisions based upon one’s knowledge, skills and experience. A judgment decision always involves a problem or choice, an unknown element, usually a time constraint, and stress. ” (Transport Canada: Judgment Training Manual).

The causal factor in about 80% to 85% of civil aviation accidents; is the human element, in other words, pilot error, a poor decision or a series of poor decisions made by the pilot-in-command. This concept is known as the poor judgment chain. One poor decision increases the probability of another and as the poor judgment chain grows, the probability of a safe flight decreases. The judgment training program teaches techniques; for breaking the chain by teaching the pilot to, recognize the combination of events that result in an accident and to deal with the situation correctly in time to prevent the accident from occurring.

How a pilot handles his or her responsibilities as a Pilot depends on attitude. Attitudes are learned. They can be developed through training into a mental framework that encourages good pilot judgment.

The pilot decision making training program is based on recognition of five, hazardous attitudes.

  1. Anti-authority. This attitude is common in those who do not like anyone telling them what to do.
  2. Resignation. Some people do not see themselves as making a great deal of difference in what happens to them and will go along with anything that happens.
  3. Impulsivity. Some people need to do something, anything, immediately without stopping to think about what is the best action to take.
  4. Invulnerability. Some people feel that accidents happen to other people but never to themselves. Pilots who think like this are more likely to take unwise risks.
  5. Macho. Some people need to always prove that they are better than anyone else and take risks to prove themselves and impress others.

Pilots who learn to recognize these hazardous attitudes in themselves can also learn how to counteract them, can learn to control their first instinctive response and can learn to make a rational judgment based on good common sense.

The DECIDE acronym was developed to assist a pilot in the decision making process.

D – detect change.
E – estimate the significance of the change.
C – choose the outcome objective.
l – identify plausible action options.
D – do the best action.
E – evaluate the progress.

Using the DECIDE process requires the pilot to contemplate the outcome of the action taken. The successful outcome should be the action that will result in no damage to the aircraft or injury to the occupants.

When a pilot receives a license to fly, he is being given the privilege to use public airspace and air navigation facilities. He is expected to adhere to the rules and to operate an aircraft safely and carefully. He is expected to use good judgment and act responsibly. Decision- making is a continuous adjustive process that starts before take-off and does not stop until after the final landing is made safely. Positive attitudes toward flying, learned judgment skills, will improve a pilot’s chances of having a long and safe flying career. Source

The I’M SAFE Checklist

Evaluating our personal airworthiness can be a difficult and demanding task. One tool to help make that assessment is the I’M SAFE checklist. Each letter represents one of six important factors affecting our ability to fly safely and engage in effective decision making. If you find yourself deficient in any of these areas, your decision-making ability may be compromised, and the no-go decision should be made.

Illness-Any form of illness can affect our ability to safely operate an aircraft. Remember that the symptoms of colds and other minor illnesses can be exacerbated by changes in pressure that result from changes in altitude. Sinus blockage caused by a head cold, for example, can result in severe vertigo. If you wouldn’t be able to pass an FAA medical exam, or if you have any condition that might alter your ability to safely operate an aircraft, the only safe choice is not to fly.

Medication-On the heels of illness is medication. Pilots are often tempted to use over-the-counter remedies to mask the effects of illnesses such as colds, but these remedies may have side effects that severely affect our judgment and decision making. If you are considering flying while taking any medication, first consult your aviation medical examiner.

Stress-Numerous forms of stress can alter our decision-making ability. Remember that the psychological stresses of work, school, family, or personal life are carried with you into the cockpit and can degrade your performance. Physical stress such as hot or cold temperature, high humidity, noise, vibration, and turbulence can take their toll on your decision-making ability. Hard work and the resulting soreness and fatigue can conspire against us as well. Stresses are also cumulative, so before you decide to fly, consider all the stresses acting upon you and the potential cumulative effect.

Alcohol-All pilots should know better than to mix alcohol with flying. The federal aviation regulations prohibit flying within eight hours of drinking alcoholic beverages, when under the influence of alcohol (or other drugs), or any time blood alcohol levels exceed .04 percent. Remember, too, that many cold remedies include alcohol as an active ingredient, so be certain not to use these before flying.

Fatigue-It’s difficult to think clearly and rationally when you’re tired. Mental abilities as well as motor coordination can be severely compromised when a pilot is tired. If you haven’t had adequate rest, don’t fly.

Eating-Nutrition is another important factor that contributes to mental processes, including decision making. If you haven’t been eating properly or drinking enough fluids, don’t expect to be a safe pilot. Your body cannot perform its best if it doesn’t have the nutrients and fluids it needs. source

Pilot Training in Florida

The programs at Aviator Flight School are designed to provide what the airline industry demands of future commercial pilots. The training you will receive at Aviator is one of the most intensive and challenging programs offered in aviation flight training today.

Schedule a Visit
Contact Aviator
Speak with Flight Instructor, call 772-672-8222.

Educational Guide On Becoming An Airline Pilot

Educational Guide On Becoming An Airline PilotWhen flying is all you want to do, learning to fly is all on your agenda. Although you don’t need a student pilot certificate to take flying lessons, you do need one before you can fly solo. Student pilot certificate’s eligibility requirements are as follows:

  1. You are at least 16 years old. If you plan to pilot a glider or balloon, you must be at least 14 years old.
  2. You can read, speak, and understand English
  3. You hold at least a current third-class medical certificate. If you plan to pilot a glider or balloon, you only have to certify that you have no medical defect that would make you unable to pilot a glider or balloon.

You get a student pilot certificate by submitting a request to FAA inspector or an FAA-designated pilot examiner. an FAA-authorized aviation medical examiner will issue you a combined medical certificate and Student Pilot Certificate after you complete your physical examination. Applicants who fail to meet certain requirements or who have physical disabilities which might limit, but not prevent, their acting as pilots, should contact the nearest FAA office. Locate An Aviation Medical Examiner

Physical and Background Qualifications

Candidates must pass a physical exam demonstrating that they are in good health and without any physical limitations that could impair their performance. While commercial pilots must pass a physical exam every year, airline pilots must pass one every six months. A pilot’s vision does not have to be naturally perfect, but must be correctable to 20/20 with glasses or contacts. Airlines conduct a 10-year FBI background check along with driving record checks, drug tests and credit checks for all pilot applicants. Any felony convictions will disqualify you, as will any evidence of drug or alcohol abuse.

Personal Qualities

Pilots must be capable of quick reaction time and be able to make decisions rapidly under pressure. Many life-threatening emergencies can occur without warning, and pilots must be able to respond immediately and appropriately while remaining calm and in control. In addition, pilots must be detail-oriented, as they are required to simultaneously monitor many controls and systems. As pilots must work closely with their flight crew, air traffic controllers and flight dispatchers, the ability to work within a team is also an important quality.

Education and Training

Once you complete your first flight lesson, you are considered a Student Pilot. A typical pilot looking to get hired by the airlines will usually get the following certificates and ratting in the order listed below.

To begin flying, not even a high school diploma is necessary. The FAA does require people to read, write and speak English, though. Flight school, military training or private lessons give beginners their initial flight education. People wanting to fly recreationally can end their education here, graduating from student to recreational pilot by passing the test for a recreational certificate. Most pilots continue on, since the recreational certificate has many restrictions, including no passengers, no night flights and no ability to earn money for flight services.

Traditionally, the vast majority of pilots received their education and training through military service, because civilian flight schools could not begin to match the level of extensive training and flight hours provided by the military. Today, with decreasing numbers of people joining the armed forces, an increasing number of pilots are coming out of civilian flight schools, including colleges and universities that have been certified by the Federal Aviation Administration. Most airlines now require a bachelor’s degree. Although the degree can be in any subject, airlines generally prefer coursework in aviation, mathematics, physics, aeronautical engineering and English. The cost of civilian training can be prohibitive. The amount of flight school sufficient to obtain a commercial pilot’s license can cost up to $80,000; this is in addition to the cost of earning a bachelor’s degree. In Europe, airlines train and educate candidates who have little or no flying experience to become qualified airline pilots in exchange for a multiple-year employment commitment. This is called “ab initio” training and, while being considered for future implementation in the United States, it is not widely available in North America.

Licensure

All pilots whose job requires that they transport people or cargo are required to have a commercial pilot’s license and an instrument rating. To be eligible to take the licensing exam, pilots must be at least 18 years of age and have logged 250 hours of flight time. The licensing exam is a written test on FAA regulations, safety procedures and navigation techniques. After the written exam, pilots must undergo a flight test with an FAA-designated examiner to demonstrate their flying skills. Instrument rating is a test to show that pilots can fly during periods of low visibility using instrument readings alone. Instrument rating consists of accumulating 40 hours of instrument flight experience, a written exam and practical demonstration before an examiner. Source

Airline and Commercial Pilots

Airline and commercial pilots fly and navigate airplanes, helicopters, and other aircraft. Airline pilots fly for airlines that transport people and cargo on a fixed schedule. Commercial pilots fly aircraft for other reasons, such as charter flights, rescue operations, firefighting, aerial photography, and aerial application, also known as crop dusting.

Airline Pilot Pay

Median annual wages, May 2012
Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers -$114,200
Airline and commercial pilots -$98,410
Commercial pilots -$73,280

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics

The median annual wage for airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers was $114,200 in May 2012. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $66,970, and the top 10 percent earned more than $187,200.
According to the Air Line Pilots Association, International, most airline pilots begin their careers earning about $20,000 per year. Wages increase each year until the pilot accumulates the experience and seniority needed to become a captain. The average captain at a regional airline earns about $55,000 per year, while the average captain at a major airline earns about $135,000 per year.

In addition, airline pilots receive an expense allowance, or “per diem,” for every hour they are away from home, and they may earn extra pay for international flights. Airline pilots also are eligible for health insurance and retirement benefits, and their immediate families usually are entitled to free or reduced-fare flights.
The median annual wage for commercial pilots was $73,280 in May 2012.The lowest 10 percent earned less than $38,520, and the top 10 percent earned more than $134,990. source

Why Choose Aviator Flight School For Your Pilot Training
  • Licensed by the State of Florida Commission For Independent Education License #4155
  • Aviator Flight Training Academy is a Division of Aviator College of Aeronautical Science & Technology, which is licensed by the State of Florida Commission for Independent Education and Accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges.
  • 27 Years in the Flight Training Industry
  • To date, Aviator has trained over 5000 pilots for the commercial airline industry
  • Only School Offering 200 Hours of Multi-Engine Time
  • Aviator is the only flight school that has a full 200 hours of multi-engine time included in our program
  • No Flight Training Devices (Simulators)
  • FTDs are not used towards your flight time for any ratings
  • Approved by the Federal Department of Education to offer Title IV Loans
  • Aviator has the ability to offer students federal funding on approved accredited programs
  • Job Placement Assistance with Regional Airlines
  • Aviator offers job placement assistance for our graduates
  • “A” Rating with United States Better Business Bureau
  • Classroom Environment – All classes taught in our educational center, NOT online

Flight Training Programs for International Students With M1 and F1 Visas

Flight Training Programs for International Students With M1 and F1 VisasGenerally, a citizen of a foreign country who wishes to enter the United States must first obtain a visa, either a nonimmigrant visa for temporary stay, or an immigrant visa for permanent residence. You must have a student visa to study in the United States. Your course of study and the type of school you plan to attend determine whether you need an F-1 visa or an M-1 visa.

The “M” visa is for nonacademic or vocational studies. M-1 visa holders for technical and vocational programs are not permitted to work during the course of their studies. The M-1 student visa applicants must have evidence that sufficient funds are immediately available to pay all tuition and living costs for the entire period of intended stay.

M1 Student Visa Requirements

You cannot enter as an M1 to just study “generally”; your program must have a goal and you must be involved in a “full course of study”. A full course of study means study in a community or junior college, with at least 12 semester or quarter hours. It must be in a school where anyone attending for at least 12 semester or quarter hours is charged full tuition, or considered full-time. The only exception is where you need a smaller course-load to complete your course of study. It can also mean study at a post secondary vocational or business school which grants Associate or other degrees. Alternatively, if a school can demonstrate that its credits are, or have been, accepted unconditionally by at least 3 institutions of higher learning it can qualify. If that is not possible, study in a vocational or nonacademic curriculum, certified by a DSO to require at least 18 hours of weekly attendance or at least 22 clock hours a week (if most of your studies are in a shop or lab). If that is not possible, the last option is study in a vocational or nonacademic high school curriculum which is certified by a DSO to require class attendance for not less than the minimum required for normal progress towards graduation.

F1 Student Visa Requirements

An F1 visa is issued to international students who are attending an academic program or English Language Program at a US college or university. F-1 students must maintain the minimum course load for full-time student status. They can remain in the US up to 60 days beyond the length of time it takes to complete their academic program, unless they have applied and been approved to stay and work for a period of time under the OPT program, as described below. F1 students are expected to complete their studies by the expiration date on their I-20 form (Certificate of Eligibility for Nonimmigrant Student Status) which is provided by the US college or university that the student has been accepted to and will attend.

In order to qualify, applicants need to satisfy and prove several strict criteria during an F1 visa interview:

  1. Must have a foreign residence and must intend to return there upon completion of studies;
  2. Can only study at the academic institution through which the visa was granted;
  3. Must have sufficient financial support;
  4. Must have strong ties to home country (e.g. job offer letter upon completion of studies, assets, bank accounts, and family).

An F-1 student is generally entitled up to one year of post-completion optional practical training, or OPT. Authorization for this type of practical training may be granted for a maximum of 12 months and only starts once you have graduated or completed your course of study. Students in STEM fields (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) can extend their OPT authorization for up to 29 months. Please visit our Working in the USA section for complete information regarding OPT and other permitted employment for F1 students. Source

International Flight Training Programs at Aviator Flight Training Academy
Commercial Airline Pilot Program, M-1 Visa

The Commercial Airline Pilot Program is for the international student that needs to possess an FAA multi-engine commercial certificate. The program could take as little as 4 months to complete. Housing is included for the duration of 4 months. In the program you will earn the private pilot, instrument, single engine commercial and multi-engine commercial. The program is an approved FAA part 141 program which most countries are requiring. Upon your graduation in this program you will receive a Part 141 Commercial Graduation Certificate.
Additional single or multi engine hours can be accumulated at reduced prices. for further information contact our admissions department by email or phone +1-772-466-4822.

NOTE: Subtract -$6,100.00 if you hold a Private Pilot Certificate

Commercial Pilot Program with Flight Instructor Ratings , F-1 Visa

The Commercial Pilot Program with the addition of 3 flight instructor certificates is a Part 141 and Part 61 Program. The program is designed for the international student coming from countries requiring additional hours for employment in their country. Typically these countries require up to 1500 and to hold an FAA ATP(Airline Transport Pilot) certificate. The program can completed in as little as 6 months. Housing is included for the duration of the 6 months. After you have earned all required certificates, you then can be placed in the Part 141 standardization and CPT internship ( 510 hours ).Upon completion of the CPT internship you will then be able to apply for an instructor position for up to 12 months.

To be able to apply for OPT ( Flight instructor Position) you must have completed the program on time with no more than 1 checkride failure. Written exam grades must be at least 85% or higher and you must pass a flight instructor review board.

NOTE: Subtract -$6,100.00 if you hold a Private Pilot Certificate

Commercial Airline Pilot Program with FAA and EASA Flight Instructor Ratings
F-1 Visa

The Commercial Program with FAA & EASA Flight Instructor Certificates ( European Pilots). this program meets all the requirements and licenses for FAA and EASA

The program will take approximately 12 to 15 months, housing is included for 12 months. The ATPL ground school is taught on campus which consists of 650 classroom hours.The 14 written exams are held in Orlando, FL.

After you have earned all required certificates, you then can be placed in the Part 141 standardization and CPT internship ( 510 hours ).Upon completion of the CPT internship you will then be able to apply for an instructor position (OPT) for up to 12 months so that you can build experience.

To be able to apply for OPT ( Flight instructor Position) you must have completed the program on time with no more than 1 checkride failure. Written exam grades must be at least 85% or higher and you must pass a flight instructor review board.

Students interested in enrolling need to speak with an admissions officer prior to enrolling. You can contact or admissions office at 1-772-466-4822.

NOTE: Subtract -$6,100.00 if you hold a Private Pilot Certificate

Contact Aviator
International Students Department

How Commercial Pilot License Flight Training Hours Are Built

How Commercial Pilot License Flight Training Hours Are BuiltWith Commercial Pilot License (CPL) you are able to fly and make a living, meaning transport customers for a fee. If that is your goal, outlined below are some steps you need in preparation for CPL training.
Before you start training for the CPL you need to hold at least a private pilot license (PPL) and an instrument rating (IR) is advised. In order to get your commercial pilot license, you must first have a private pilot license. You will also need your instrument rating. If you do not have this, your commercial license will be issued with a limitation on it. If you wish to fly multi-engine aircraft, you will also need your multi-engine rating.

CPL Minimum Requirements
  • Be 18 years old
  • Speak English
  • Hold a private pilot certificate
  • Pass the practical test on aeronautical knowledge
  • Log 250 hours of flight time for single or multi-engine airplane rating
  • Log 150 hours of flight time for a helicopter or gyroplane rating
  • Pass a practical test

CPL Privileges

  1. Exercise all the privileges of the holder of a PPL(A) / PPL(H);
  2. Act as co-pilot (First Officer) in commercial air transportation
  3. Act as pilot-in-command or co-pilot of any airplane (CPL(A) / helicopter (CPL(H)) engaged in operations other than commercial air transportation.
  4. Act as pilot-in-command in commercial air transportation of any single-pilot airplane / helicopter
Commercial Pilot License in the United States (FAA)

There are two ways of obtaining the commercial pilot license in the United States; through a certified instructor or through a certified flight school (part 141). If you choose to fly with a freelance instructor in a flight club you need at least 250 hours of total flight time. These are broken down in cross country hours, pilot in command time etc. Most commercial pilots in the United States have close to or over 250 hours when they get the CPL.

Flying with a part 141 flight school the hour requirements are a little less. However you have to do your flight training from scratch (private pilot license) in a part 141 program. This way you can obtain the CPL at a minimum of 190 hours total time. It is also a requirement that you have completed the instrument rating (IR), or currently enrolled in an instrument rating (IR) course.

Commercial Pilot License in Europe (JAA)

The training for the commercial pilot license in Europe is slightly different then in the United States. Many flight schools do your instrument rating (IR) and multi engine class (ME) combined with the commercial training. This way you only do one “check ride” (flight exam) and obtain the multi engine class and instrument rating (IR) on the commercial pilot license right away.

Depending on the flight school’s program you do a total of 130 hours flight time before you get the CPL. As most students aiming for a commercial license in Europe are career oriented they usually follow a scratch to CPL program and can therefore get away with less flight hours.

CPL Flight Training Broken Down
  • 100 hours as pilot-in-command
  • 20 hours of VFR cross-country flight time as pilot-in-command, including a cross-country flight totaling at least 540 km (300 NM) in the course of with full-stop landings at two aerodromes different from the aerodromes of departure
  • 10 hours of instrument training
  • 5 hours of night flying including one cross-country flight and 5 solo take-offs and 5 landings
  • 5 hours on a complex airplane
CPL FAQ

Does having my commercial pilot license mean I am able to fly jets?
Not exactly. A commercial pilot license allows you to fly for hire. There is no way to get a job flying jets or any of the airliners without having obtained a commercial pilot license. Just having the commercial license does not mean you can instantly get in the cockpit of a 737. Additional training and experience is required above just having a commercial license. However, there is no possibility of being hired for a flying job without a commercial pilot license on your resume. It is a legal requirement set forth by the FAA.

Do I have to have my instrument rating to be able to get my commercial pilot license?
No. You can take the test for becoming a commercial pilot without having already obtained your instrument rating. However, the commercial pilot license will have some restrictions on it. Since there is a requirement to log 250 hours of total time before you can test for your commercial license, most people work on their instrument rating while they are accumulating those hours in their logbook. This method makes the most sense financially for most people. However, it is not required to have your instrument rating before testing for your commercial pilot license.

What is the best way to build the 50 hours of required cross-country time that I need for a commercial pilot license?
There are many different ways to go about building your cross country time. If you are on a set budget, I recommend coming up with a plan before you get too far into your cross country time. This plan really should be formed before you start working on your instrument time since you need 50 hours of cross country time for your instrument rating.

Will we do very much instrument work while I work on my commercial license?
For a single-engine commercial pilot license, there is no instrument requirement to meet. If you are planning on adding on a multi-engine commercial license, you can plan on doing some instrument work during the multi-engine training.

Can I fly multi-engine airplanes after I get my commercial pilot license?
Having the privilege to fly a multi-engine airplane means that you need to have flight training specific to multi-engine airplanes. If you already have a single-engine commercial pilot license, it is just some additional training to add on a multi-engine license. It may be possible to take your single and multi-engine commercial pilot test in the same day!
Source

Commercial Pilot License Cost

Flight training for CPL is a very serious commitment that requires both time and money. To estimate exactly how much money is needed depends on each student.

Most flight schools will quote you a cost associated with a certain flight package. And that’s great, if you stick to the package. However, many people find themselves slacking off, or not flying as much as they are suppose to each week. In addition, you may need to repeat certain classes in order to feel completely comfortable. In order to get your private pilot license, the FAA only requires 40 hours of flight time, but many people take 60 hours, or even as much as 80 hours. You can see how this easily can double the cost associated with getting just your private pilot license. In fact. the longer you take to get your license, the prices associated with the lessons and flight time needed increase too.

In general, you may say it takes between $6,000 to $12,000 to get your private pilot license. A commercial license requires 250 hours of flight time. So if it took you 50 hours of flight time to get your private pilot licenst, then you will need an additional 200 hours of flight time. Just for the required flight hours, you’d be looking at a minimum of $24,000 and upwards to $50,000, depending on how quickly you learn. You will also need to take your ground schooling classes.

So all in all, you might expect to pay around $30,000 to $50,000 total for your flight training, if you are very motivated and on track with your ground classes and flight time.

One of the ways you can moderate the cost of getting your commercial pilot license is to take an accelerated flight training program. This is essentially going to flight school full time to get in the required number of hours of class and flight time needed to attain your license. Source

Pro Pilot Program At Aviator Flight School

The programs at Aviator Flight School are designed to provide what the airline industry demands of future commercial pilots. The training you will receive at Aviator is one of the most intensive and challenging programs offered in aviation flight training today.

During your flight training you will fly a total of 259 hours, of which up to 200 hours will be in a multi-engine aircraft. The ground school portion is in a structured classroom environment. As the shortage of pilots continues to grow, Aviator College is consistently meeting with major air carriers to determine the flight training and education that they require.

You will receive a minimum of 643 instructional hours for the Professional Pilot Program.The instructional hours includes all ground and flight training. 6 months of housing is included in the price of the program. If you come with a Private Pilot License 5 months will be included in the price of the Program.

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