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Flying The Plane Requires Knowing Why It Can Fly

November 12, 2013 Leave a comment

Flying The Plane Requires Knowing Why It Can FlyAerodynamics is the study of forces and the resulting motion of objects through the air. Studying the motion of air around an object allows us to measure the forces of lift, which allows an aircraft to overcome gravity, and drag, which is the resistance an aircraft “feels” as it moves through the air. Everything moving through the air (including airplanes, rockets, and birds) is affected by aerodynamics.

Four Forces of Flight

Understanding how things fly begins by learning about the Four Forces of Flight.
When an airplane flies, the wing is designed to provide enough Lift to overcome the airplane’s Weight, while the engine provides enough Thrust to overcome Drag and move the airplane forward. And the Thrust of a rocket engine overcomes the Weight of the object to move the rocket forward.

Increasing the weight of an aircraft affects the amount of lift needed. In turn, a larger wing would provide more lift, but that would increase the amount of drag and therefore increase the amount of thrust needed. The forces of flight are interconnected, and a change in one affects the others.

Whether you want to pursue a pilot career or aviation management, investing in a good aviation flight school or aviation college is a must.

Private Pilot Classes

To earn a private pilot license you must take an FAA-approved ground school curriculum. Topics covered include aircraft and power plant (engine and propeller), instruments, navigation, FAA rules and regulations, aerodynamics, pilot responsibilities and hazard/risk mitigation. On completion of the course, you receive an endorsement from your certified instructor in your logbook allowing you to take the FAA written exam. Organizations such as the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) offer ground school classes online and have a list of brick-and-mortar flight schools offering ground school classes.

Helicopter Classes

Like their fixed-wing cousins, helicopter pilots in training need to complete an FAA-approved ground school curriculum before being allowed to take the FAA written Helicopter/Rotor test. Topics include aerodynamics of the helicopter, controls and instruments, auto-rotation, FAA rules and regulations, pilot responsibilities, and hazard and risk assessment and mitigation.

Commercial Pilot Classes

Becoming a commercial pilot requires a series of classes and training. Class work–including FAA rules for passenger and cargo transport, international aviation laws, pilotage, navigation and instruments, physics and aerodynamics, weights and calculations, and aircraft assemblies and power plants–is a big part of the commercial pilot curriculum. You will also be required to learn about the mechanics of the aircraft as you become a pilot. You will not be allowed to work on the aircraft, but you need to have some understanding of the inner workings of the craft to help you understand the airplane.

Aviation Management Classes

High school students who wish to pursue careers in aviation management can begin by researching schools that offer programs in this area. Since each college or university has slightly different admissions requirements, it’s important to know what prerequisites are necessary for the school you wish to attend. Most aviation management programs will require a strong background in math and science, but there may also be requirements for English or foreign language courses that you need to meet as well. Your high school guidance counselor can help you learn more about the admissions requirements for the schools that interest you.

Aviator College Degree Program

The Aeronautical Science Program prepares the graduate for a career in the aviation industry by providing a strong foundation in mathematics, physics, aeronautical sciences, aeronautical technology, and the aviation industry. The graduate will receive an Associate of Science Degree from Aviator College with flight ratings from private pilot through commercial, with Flight Instructor ratings. This training is necessary to obtain employment, and by completing the associate’s degree you will set yourself apart from other applicants since a degree is preferred in the airline industry.

The flight portion of the program consists of a minimum of 565 flight hours and more multi-engine time than any other college or flight school today. Our large multi-engine fleet is equipped with Garmin 430s, and ASPEN EFIS is being introduced. Single engine fleet consists of Piper Warrior III with all glass (EFIS systems). Ground school is taught in a classroom environment.

Online Enrollment
Contact Aviator

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Pre-Flight and In-Flight Weather Basics

October 24, 2013 Leave a comment

Pre-Flight and In-Flight Weather BasicsThe art of flight instructing includes teaching the student some very basic principles of flight—such as what the flight controls do—and then helping the student build on that knowledge. Unfortunately, a student can earn a pilot certificate, sometimes even advanced ratings, without ever learning enough basic meteorological theory to be really comfortable making decisions involving the weather. For instance, the pilot might know that areas marked with an “L” on a weather map are likely to have rain or snow, but isn’t sure why this is so.

Meteorology is the branch of science that deals with the atmosphere of a planet, particularly the Earth. It is based on accurate measurement of various atmospheric conditions, for example wind speed and direction, air pressure, temperature, humidity and precipitation such as rain or snow. Meteorologists combine the data collected from many geographical locations into weather maps to show, for example, isobars and fronts. From these they are able to predict the weather and possible severe and destructive systems such as hurricanes, floods and heatwaves, for up to ten days.

An AIRMET (AIRman’s METeorological Information)

An AIRMET advises of weather that maybe hazardous, other than convective activity, to single engine, other light aircraft, and Visual Flight Rule (VFR) pilots. However, operators of large aircraft may also be concerned with these phenomena. The items are:

  • AIRMET Sierra (IFR):

Ceilings less than 1000 feet and/or visibility less than 3 miles affecting over 50% of the area at one time.
Extensive mountain obscuration

  • AIRMET Tango (Turbulence):

Moderate turbulence
Sustained surface winds of 30 knots or more at the surface

  • AIRMET Zulu (Icing):

Moderate icing
Freezing levels

These AIRMET items are considered to be widespread because they must be affecting or be forecast to affect an area of at least 3000 square miles at any one time. However, if the total area to be affected during the forecast period is very large, it could be that only a small portion of this total area would be affected at any one time.

AIRMETs are routinely issued for 6 hour periods beginning at 0145 UTC during Central Daylight Time and at 0245 UTC during Central Standard Time. AIRMETS are also amended as necessary due to changing weather conditions or issuance/cancelation of a SIGMET. Source

Pilots may obtain Federal pre-flight weather briefings tailored to your individual needs. Any one of three types of briefings may be requested:

  1. standard
  2. abbreviated
  3. outlook

A standard briefing should normally be requested even when you have received prerecorded or mass media weather information (e.g., TWEB, A.M. WEATHER, etc.). After giving the briefer the necessary background information, you will automatically receive the following:

  • adverse conditions
  • whether VFR flight is not recommended*
  • synopsis of prevailing weather systems
  • current conditions
  • en route forecast
  • destination forecast
  • winds aloft
  • Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs)*
  • any expected delays*
  • any additional information the pilot requested.

* Not provided by NWS briefers

An abbreviated briefing should be requested if you have used prerecorded or mass media weather information to make a go/no-go decision and only selected additional information is required. You should provide the pertinent background information, tell the briefer what previous information source you have used, and ask for an abbreviated briefing with specified observation or forecast products.

An outlook briefing should be requested for long-range flight planning. This briefing contains forecasts for a flight beginning more than 6 hours in the future. An abbreviated or standard briefing should then be obtained when closer to the time of departure.

Pre-Flight Weather Briefing

For your pre-flight weather briefing, give the briefer the following background information:

  • Type of flight VFR, IFR or DVFR
  • Aircraft identification or pilot’s name
  • Aircraft type
  • Departure point
  • Route-of-flight
  • Destination
  • Altitude(s)
  • Estimated time of departure
  • Estimated time en route or time of arrival

After receiving weather information, either for short or long-range flights, consider carefully if conditions are suitable for your intended flight.

In-Flight

During marginal VFR or IFR conditions, keep a particularly close check on en route, terminal and alternate airport weather. Routine weather information is available by radio from any FAA FSS. Selected FSSs broadcast In-flight Advisories (SIGMETs, Convective SIGMETs, Center Weather Advisories [CWAs], Alert Weather Watches [AWW] and AIRMETs) and severe weather information. TWEBs also can be received while airborne. Pilots should monitor Hazardous In-flight Weather Advisory Service (HIWAS) weather broadcasts routinely. See the Airport/Facility Directory (A/FD) and aeronautical charts for frequencies. Do not hesitate to request specific information from the En Route Flight Advisory Service (EFAS) – “Flight Watch” – on 122.0 MHZ below 18,000 feet MSL. See the A/FD for high altitude frequencies. In-flight briefing procedures are explained in detail in the Airman’s Information Manual.

Before Landing

Prior to descent, request current weather for the terminal area and conditions at your destination airport. At many airports, this information is continuously broadcast on ATIS, ASOS, AWOS, or selected navigation aids. These broadcasts reduce pilot and controller communications workloads.

The Study of Aviation, Acquiring Airmanship Skills in Your Flight Training

The Study of Aviation, Acquiring Airmanship Skills in Your Flight TrainingWhether you are looking to start a career as a commercial pilot or you are an enthusiast looking to fulfill your dream of becoming a pilot, aviation is a great subject to study with many different types of jobs available.

The overall purpose of primary and intermediate flight training is the acquisition and honing of basic airmanship skills. The ability to operate an airplane with competence and precision both on the ground and in the air, and the exercise of sound judgment that results in optimal operational safety and efficiency.

Learning to fly an airplane has often been likened to learning to drive an automobile. This analogy is misleading. Since an airplane operates in a different environment, three dimensional, it requires a type of motor skill development that is more sensitive to this situation such as:

Coordination

The ability to use the hands and feet together subconsciously and in the proper relationship to produce desired results in the air- plane.

Timing

The application of muscular coordination at the proper instant to make flight, and all maneuvers incident thereto, a constant smooth process.

Control Touch

The ability to sense the action of the airplane and its probable actions in the immediate future, with regard to attitude and speed variations, by the sensing and evaluation of varying pressures and resistance of the control surfaces transmitted through the cockpit flight controls.

Speed Sense

The ability to sense instantly and react to any reasonable variation of airspeed.

An airman becomes one with the airplane rather than a machine operator. An accomplished airman demonstrates the ability to assess a situation quickly and accurately and deduce the correct procedure to be followed under the circumstance; to analyze accurately the probable results of a given set of circumstances or of a proposed procedure; to exercise care and due regard for safety; to gauge accurately the performance of the airplane; and to recognize personal limitations and limitations of the airplane and avoid approaching the critical points of each.

Pilot Study Tips From FAA
How To Study

You should recognize the advantages of planning a definite study program and following it as closely as possible. Haphazard or disorganized study habits usually result in an unsatisfactory score on the knowledge test.
The ideal study program would be to enroll in a formal ground school course. This offers the advantages of a professional instructor as well as facilities and training aids designed for pilot instruction. Many of these schools use audiovisual aids or programmed instruction materials to supplement classroom instruction.

If you are unable to attend a ground school, the self-study method can be satisfactory, provided you obtain the proper study materials and devote a reasonable amount of time to study. You should establish realistic periodic goals and, equally important, a target date for completion. Self-discipline is important because it is too easy to “put off” the study period for some other activity.

When To Take The Test

Experience has shown that the knowledge test is more meaningful, and is more likely to result in a satisfactory grade, if it is taken after beginning the flight portion of the training. For optimum benefit, it is recommended that the knowledge test be taken after the student has completed a solo cross-country flight. The operational knowledge gained by this experience can be used to advantage in the knowledge test.

Where To Take The Test

Computer testing centers have been certified to administer FAA knowledge tests. You will be charged a reasonable fee for the administration of FAA knowledge tests. You can locate a computer testing center online (PDF) , or contact the local FSDO for more information.

What The Test Items Are Like

Knowledge tests have only multiple-choice questions. You can practice for the test by reviewing the question bank of test questions. Source

Associate Degree from Aviator College 565 Flight Hours

Aviator College of Aeronautical Science & Technology provides the most cost effective airline pilot flight training programs and a two year Aviation degree in Aeronautical Science. The College has a state of the art 37,000 square foot facility, featuring a CRJ Level 5 Flight Training Device (Simulator). College student’s receive a minimum of 565 flight training hours in the aviation degree program. Graduates will have the opportunity to stay on as a flight training instructor.

The Aeronautical Science Program prepares the graduate for a career in the aviation industry by providing a strong foundation in mathematics, physics, aeronautical sciences, aeronautical technology, and the aviation
industry. The graduate will receive an Associate of Science Degree from Aviator College with flight ratings from private pilot through commercial, with Flight Instructor ratings. This training is necessary to obtain employment, and by completing the associate’s degree you will set yourself apart from other applicants since a degree is preferred in the airline industry.

The flight portion of the program consists of 565 flight hours and more multi-engine time than any other college or flight school today. NO FTDs (Simulators) are used towards flight time requirements. Our large multi-engine fleet is equipped with Garmin 430s, and ASPEN EFIS is being introduced. Our single engine fleet consists of Piper Warrior III with all glass (EFIS systems). Ground school is taught in a classroom environment.

Associate Degree Online Enrollment

Distributed by Viestly

Aviation English & Testing at Aviator College

February 28, 2013 Leave a comment

Aviation English & Testing at Aviator CollegeEvery year students from all over the world come to USA for the best flight training experience. In addition to age, medical and other flight training requirements to be a pilot, one important requirement is: knowledge of English language.

How and Why English was Established as the Standard Language of Aviation

In the year 1944 on the 1st of November in response to a British initiative, the government of the United States invited 55 allied and neutral States to meet in Chicago. Out of the allied States invited 52 attended this meeting. The aim of this meeting was to discuss the international problems faced in Civil Aviation.

Outcome of the Meeting

The Chicago Convention saw the implementation of English as the official standardized language to be used in Aviation around the world. English speaking countries dominated the design, manufacture as well as operation of aircrafts 1, it thus made sense to have English as the standard language that would be used by all the countries involved in Aviation around the globe. Having a standardized language aids in avoiding misunderstanding and confusion, aspects which both have an effect on air safety (source).

ICAO Language Proficiency requirements

Appendix A (Annex 1) of ICAO Doc 9835, which sets out the language proficiency requirements, states that pilots, air traffic controllers and aeronautical station operators shall demonstrate the ability to speak and understand the language used for radiotelephony communications to the level specified in the Appendix. The six descriptors:

  1. Pronunciation
  2. Structure
  3. Vocabulary
  4. Fluency
  5. Comprehension
  6. Interaction

All six descriptors must be met at any given level for a candidate to be rated as having attained that level.

Aviation English & Testing at Aviator College

International students that are enrolling in one of our pilot programs and wish to increase their English to a level 4 (four) or higher, may enroll at our Aviation English Course at the same time. Research shows that students can quickly earn their ICAO level 4 (four) certificate in as little as one month, which could also reduce your cost in flight training. The course will consist of one month of training by highly experienced English Instructors and easy-to-follow curriculum. The curriculum consists of small classroom group studies, one-on-one instruction, data base and E-Mailing criteria.

As mandated by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in accordance with ICAO English Language Proficiency Requirements, all pilots and air traffic personnel are now required to demonstrate English Proficency according to a minimum of Operational Level 4 (four) standards.

Achievements of the Course
  • Improved student speech in an aviation setting through phonetic practice.(Study & Practice of human speech)
  • Improved student aviation radio communication through increased listening skills
  • Preparation to achieve a rating of Level 4 English according to ICAO standards
  • Strengthened grammar to make aviation communication easier
  • Increased student’s aviation vocabulary
  • ICAO Approved Compliant Testing on campus

Why Choose Aviator English
  • In house Testing
  • Pickup to and from Orlando or Palm Beach International Airports.
  • Sunny Florida USA
  • 2 Miles from the ocean
  • Learning in an Aviation Atmosphere
  • Flight Training if needed FAA & JAA
  • Save money and time
  • Personalized Instruction for Each Student

You will
  • Increase your ability to get a great job in Aviation
  • Train with Higly skilled Native American English speaking instructors
  • Learn easily in a small class size
  • Prepare yourself to take the ICAO approved exam
  • Ensure safety through good English communication skills
  • Test on site to receive your ICAO certificate
  • Feel confident in your ability to communicate in Aviation English
  • Earn your ICAO Level 4 Certificate.

The students that achieve level 4 proficiency or higher will recieve and English Proficiency certificate. The certificate showing ICAO level 4 ( four) standards will be valid for 3 (three) years. Students that achieve ICAO level 5 (five) or higher the certificate will be valid for 6 (six) years.

* Program Cost $1,950.00 includes testing.

** Students that might need additional classes will be billed at a reduced price.

*** Students that believe their English level meets ICAO level 4(four) standards may test upon arrival. $ 550.00 for testing.
Class dates, first week of every month. Excluding December and January call for special dates

For further information contact Michelle in the Aviation English Department.
(772) 466-4822 x 134 or E-Mail mhaworth@aviator.edu

Distributed by Viestly

Safety Lapses By Commercial Operators and Aviation Regulators

November 14, 2012 Leave a comment

Safety Lapses By Commercial Operators and Aviation RegulatorsVALETTA, MALTA and LEIMUIDEN, THE NETHERLANDS – Licensed Aircraft Maintenance Engineers attending the 40th AEI (Aircraft Engineers International) Annual Congress in Valletta, Malta were presented with a staggering amount of evidence detailing safety lapses by both commercial operators and aviation regulators. Indeed delegates were also informed that recent ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation) safety audit results revealed some shocking truths about the aviation industry.

ICAO figures show an average rate of compliance with their regulations of around 60% whilst national aviation safety regulator manning levels have on average only attained 24% of their target levels.

 “A scandalous situation,” says Fred Bruggeman, AEI’s Secretary General.

 “These facts explain why regulatory authorities consistently fail to uncover, let alone correct, serious safety lapses.”

AEI have previously claimed that safety regulators fail to investigate serious safety lapses and Mr Bruggeman says

 “we now know why. It is not possible for industry regulators to oversee a safety-critical industry without being properly resourced.”

Delegates at congress were presented with evidence and advice on how to deal with the ever-increasing methods employed by commercial operators to avoid their safety responsibilities. Occurrence reporting and whistleblowing were also discussed as airlines, supported by regulators, wish to further deregulate the industry by making the commercial operator fully responsible for safety. This move towards self-regulation is apparently based upon an open and transparent safety reporting system. The evidence presented to congress, however, suggested that the aviation industry is not yet ready to take on such responsibility.

Licensed Aircraft Maintenance Engineers are responsible for certifying that an aircraft is in a condition for safe operation. They are licensed independently of the airlines by national aviation authorities rather than by the airlines themselves which should ensure maintenance activities are performed in the correct manner, to the highest standards and that safety is not compromised. The naming of licensed personnel with authority to release aircraft into service by signature is an accepted method of accountability that applies worldwide.

It also reflects the fact that aircraft maintenance is an area of high potential danger and therefore critical to safe flight operations. Despite this, those same airlines pushing for self-regulation based upon a culture of open reporting and transparency are quite happy to terminate the employment of Licensed Aircraft Engineers raising safety issues. Colleagues who take their safety responsibilities seriously are often deemed by airlines to be a problem and all too often a simple logic prevails: shoot the messenger and you remove the problem.

An unacceptable situation for AEI President Robert Alway:

“Pressure on Aircraft Engineers to overlook safety issues has been steadily increasing as the priority for airlines shifts from safety to profit. Regulators need to do more to protect Aircraft Engineers who report safety problems. After all, their actions could well prevent an accident and that is most certainly in the public interest.”

Distributed by Viestly

Why FAA Safetfy Regulations are Important to Know During Flight Training

If you are aspiring to be a pilot, it is important during your flight training to pay attention to safety regulations and directives passed by the Federal Aviation Administration. Being a pilot can be a dangerous job and if operating aircraft is your dream, be sure to consider all of the factors involved.

Window Inspections

As recently as July 9, Bloomberg Businessweek reported that the Federal Aviation Administration said US operators of Boeing Co. 757, 767, and 777 aircraft must inspect or replace the forward-facing cockpit windows. There is a risk of fire caused by loose electrical connections used to heat the window to prevent ice from forming.

In the past two decades, there were only 11 reports of fire or flames. The most recent incident was on May 16 when a United Airlines 757 was forced to make an emergency landing at Washington Dulles International Airport.

The airworthiness directive is assigning operators to being with inspections within 500 flight hours, or simply install a new, redesigned window. The FAA announced the intentions for the Boeing 747’s later this year. Although there have not been any reported fires, the windows are very similar.

The directive covers 1,212 US aircraft and will cost carriers about $103,020. The directive is in effect today, July 13.

Recent Aircraft Accident

According to the Aviation Safety Network the most recent fatal accident involving a Boeing aircraft, occurred in India. A Boeing 737-800 passenger plane operated by Air India Express, was destroyed when it crashed while landing at Mangalore-Bajpe Airport.

Preliminary reports suggest that the airplane overran the runway and slid down a wooded valley, bursting into flames. There were 160 passengers and six crew members on board. Only eight occupants survived the accident.

Flight Training Safety

Safety is likely the most important aspect of flight training you will take away from flight training school. Websites like the Aviation Safety Network and the FAA can help you stay up to date with passing regulations and accident occurrences during your flight training.

How Visiting the Air Zoo can Help Your Flight Training

The Air Zoo, formerly known as the Kalamazoo Aviation History Museum was founded in 1977 to preserve the history of aviation for future generations. Known as the number one aviation museum in the world, it is a great environment for flight training students to learn about the legacy of flight and more.

Aircraft

Inside the almost 200,000 square-foot facility, The Air Zoo’s aircraft collection has no rival. The Air Zoo prides itself in housing the “Giants of history, performance, accomplishment, and reputation.” Some of these giants include a Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, an FA-18A Hornet, an F-14 Tomcat (the star of Top Gun), and an SR-71 Blackbird spy plane.

 

The Air Zoo even features an SBD Dauntless, which was fully restored after spending nearly 50 years under water.

Artwork

The Air Zoo has a Murals and Art facility that is home to some of the greatest original paintings, prints, and sculptures. Some works were created by major artists such as Kirk Newman, Jean Flower, Alan D’Estrehan, and many more.

The Air Zoo features the Guinness World Record’s largest hand-painted indoor mural called the “Century of Flight.” Created by renowned flight artist Rick Herter and his assistant Tony Hendrick, the mural reaches an astonishing 28,800 square feet and took longer than 14 months to complete. It was painted with 400 gallons of oil paint.

Exhibits

In addition to the phenomenal aircraft and artwork, the Air Zoo is also home to several educational exhibits.

The National Guadalcanal Memorial Museum is a nationally-recognized memorial commemorating the Guadalcanal campaign of World War II. The campaign was known as one of the longest and bloodiest campaigns of the whole war. The memorial features a large collection of artifacts, dioramas, narratives, and the Wall of Honor spotlighting 20 men who earned the Medal of Honor for their sacrifices on the island.

The newest exhibit is the first of its kind in the Midwest. The Fly Girls of World War II, showcases the inspirational history of Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP). It features original uniforms, a history mural, photo collages, a timeline, and a mosaic that includes each of the 1,102 WASP.

Student Pilots

If you are interested in becoming a pilot, visiting the Air Zoo is an exceptional experience that will only enhance your flight training and education. It may even give you a new appreciation for the legacy of aviation.

Explore the Air Zoo website to plan your visit.