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Flight Training Questions and Answers For Student Pilots

Flight Training Questions and Answers For Student Pilots

What Are Part 61 and Part 141 FAA Flight School Programs?

The Federal Aviation Administration governs flight instruction under two sets of regulations: Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) Part 61 and FAR part 141. FAR Part 61 are rules that regulate the certification, privileges and limitations of pilots. FAR Part 141 are rules that govern flight training at certain flight schools. Not all schools meet Part 141 requirements, nor do they have to. You can train at any flight school, whether the school is 141 rated or not. Training for a pilot license under part 141 rules is very rigid and inflexible. Training for a private pilot’s license under part 61 regulations offers a great deal of flexibility in terms of scheduling and instruction sequencing.

What is ground school?

Flight training is divided into two parts: ground school and flight training. Ground school teaches students the principles, procedures and regulations that are put into practice during flight lessons. One portion of the certification process consists of a computerized exam. Ground school is designed to prepare students for this test. Ground school classes come in various formats, whether it is a classroom session, a computer based course or a home prep-course. An instructor’s endorsement is required for a student to take the FAA test.

What is the check ride like?

The FAA checkride consists of a 2 part process, an oral test and a flight test. During the oral portion, the examiner will quiz the applicant on what was learned in ground school and ask practical questions. The flight test is ensure the applicant is a safe and competent pilot. Checkride examiners job is to see that only safe applicants become pilots.

Types of Pilot Schools

Most airports have pilot training available, either by flying schools or individual flight instructors. A school will usually provide a wide variety of training aids, special facilities, and greater flexibility in scheduling. A number of colleges and universities also provide pilot training as a part of their curricula.

There are two types of schools. One is normally referred to as an “FAA-approved school” and the other as a “non-approved school.”

Enrollment in an FAA-approved school usually ensures a high quality of training. FAA-approved schools meet prescribed standards with respect to equipment, facilities, personnel, and curricula. However, many excellent pilot schools find it impractical to qualify for the FAA certification, and are referred to as non-approved schools.

One of the differences between FAA-approved schools and non-approved schools is that fewer flight hours are required to qualify for a pilot certificate in an FAA-approved school. The requirement for a private pilot certificate is 40 hours in a non-approved school, and 35 hours in an approved school. However, since most people require 60 to 75 hours of training, this difference may be insignificant for a private pilot certificate.

Knowledge Tests

Communication between individuals through the use of words is a complicated process. In addition to being an exercise in the application and use of aeronautical knowledge, a knowledge test is also an exercise in communication since it involves the use of written language. Since the tests involve written rather than spoken words, communication between the test writer and the person being tested may become a difficult matter if both parties do not exercise care. For this reason, considerable effort is expended to write each question in a clear, precise manner.

When is the first solo endorsement required?

A student pilot must have a first solo endorsement dated within 90 days prior to any solo flight.

What is the difference between a recreational pilot certificate and a private pilot certificate?

The recreational pilot has fewer privileges than the private pilot. The holder of a recreational pilot certificate is allowed to fly an aircraft within 50 nautical miles from the airport where instruction was received and cannot operate in airspace where communications with air traffic control are required. Since qualification training in these areas is not required, a person should be able to obtain a recreational pilot certificate in fewer flight hours than required for a private pilot certificate. All privileges and limitations of the recreational pilot certificate are listed in 14 CFR part 61, section 101.

Is there a set number of flight instructional hours I will receive before I solo?

No. The instructor will not allow you to solo until you have learned to perform certain maneuvers. These maneuvers include safe takeoffs and landings. You must be able to maintain positive control of the aircraft at all times and to use good judgment.

What does an appropriate logbook endorsement for solo mean?

It means a verification by an authorized flight instructor showing that on the date specified, the student was given dual instruction and found competent to make solo flights.

Does a student pilot automatically have the privilege of cross-country flying after soloing?

No. Flight instructor must have reviewed the pilot’s preflight planning and preparation for solo cross-country flight and determine that the flight can be made safely under the known circumstances and conditions. The instructor must endorse the student pilot’s logbook prior to each cross-country flight, stating the pilot is considered competent to make the flight.

Under certain conditions, an instructor may authorize repeated solo flights over a given route.

What is Aviation English

The ICAO International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has introduced language proficiency requirements for air traffic controllers and pilots with the objective to improve the level of language proficiency globally and reduce the frequency of communication errors. Historically, insufficient English language proficiency on the part of the flight crew or the controller has contributed to a number of accidents and serious incidents.

The ICAO Language Proficiency requirements are applicable to both native and non- native English speakers. According to ICAO the burden for improved communications should not be seen as falling solely on non-native speakers – ICAO Doc 9835 states: “Native speakers of English, too, have a fundamentally important role to play in the international efforts to increase communication safety.”

The proficiency scale ranges from Level 1 to Level 6, with guidelines published for:

  • Pronunciation
  • Fluency
  • Structure
  • Vocabulary
  • Comprehension
  • Interaction

ICAO Language Proficiency Rating Scale –see details here

What are the requirements for a student pilot certificate?

A. To be eligible for a student pilot certificate, a person must:
(1) be at least 16 years of age, except for the operation of a glider or balloon,
in which case the applicant must be at least 14 years of age; and
(2) be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language.

How long are my student pilot and medical certificates valid?

The student pilot certificate will expire at the end of the 24th month after the month in which it was issued. The third-class medical certificate will expire at the end of the 36th month after the month in which it was issued. A medical certificate issued after the age of 40, expires at the end of the 24th month in which it was issued.


What Is Aviation Associate Degree Program

The Aeronautical Science Program prepares the graduate for a career in the aviation industry by providing a strong foundation in mathematics, physics, aeronautical sciences, aeronautical technology, and the aviation industry. This training is necessary to obtain employment, and by completing the associate’s degree you will set yourself apart from other applicants since a degree is preferred in the airline industry.

What Is The Post-9/11 GI-Bill

The Post-9/11 GI Bill provides financial support for education and housing to individuals with at least 90 days of aggregate service after September 10, 2001, or individuals discharged with a service-connected disability after 30 days. You must have received an honorable discharge to be eligible for the Post-9/11 GI Bill.

Approved training under the Post-9/11 GI Bill includes graduate and undergraduate degrees, vocational/technical training, on-the-job training, flight training, correspondence training, licensing and national testing programs, entrepreneurship training, and tutorial assistance. All training programs must be approved for GI Bill benefits.


Distributed by Viestly

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